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Selections and Authors.

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War with Algiers. From “The History of the United States.Hildreth.

.216

Treaty with Algiers. From "History of the Navy of the United States." Cooper.

...217 James Fennimore Cooper, the distinguished American novelist, was born in 1789. At the age of sixteen be entered the navy as a midshipman, and followed the life of a sailor for six years. His writings are very numerous, including the “Leather Stocking Tales” and other novels, and the “ History of the Navy of the United States.” In his description of the sea and the various incidents of a sailor's life, as well as of the Indians and their savage manners, no author can claim any comparisou with Cooper. His death occurred in 1851.

Death of Adams and Jefferson. From “Life and Public Services of John Quincy Adams.” Seward. .........

.223 William H. Seward, an eminent statesman, was born in New York in 1801. His writings, and many of his public orations, fill several volumes. While holding the office of Secretary of State in Lincoln's cabinet, be was attacked and seriously injured, on the night of the assassination of Lincoln, by one of the conspirators. He died in 1872. The Magnetic Telegraph. From "Public Men and Events.” Sar. gent...

.....236 Nathan Sargent, a political writer known under the nom de plume of Oliver Oldschoul. Born in Vermont in 1794; died in 1875.

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American Conquest of Mexico. From “ History of the Mexican War.” Mansfield.....

.241 Edward D. Mansfield was born in 1801, and graduated at the United States Military Academy, at West Point, in 1819. He was the author of several works, chief among which are the “Life of General Scott” and the “History of the Mexican War.” Mining Life in California. From "History of California.” Franklin Tuthill, M.D......

.246 The Mormons. From "History of the United States.” J. H. Patton..248 Treaty with Japan. J. H. Putton.....

.250 Battle of the Iron Ships. From “The Lost Cause.” Pollard.....269

Edward A. Pollard was formerly editor of the Richmond Examiner. He published various works in relation to the Civil War, written from a Southern standpoint. In 1866 appeared “The Lost Cause : a New Southern History of the War of the Confederates ;” and subsequen ly other works on topics connected with the same general subject. Mr. Pollard's style is copious aud vigorous; and the earnesiness with which he writes wakes his works interesting to all classes of readers. Confederate Money. From "A Rebel's Recollections." George Cary Eggleston.

.274 Misapplication of Means. From "A Narrative of Military Operations." Johnston.

.276 Joseph E. Johnston was born in Virginia in 1807. He graduated at West Point, served in the Seminole War and in the Mexican War, and was a Confederate general in the great Civil War. (See p. 307.) Obligation to the Patriot Dead. Abraham Lincoln.

..278 Organizations of Mercy. From “ History of the American Civil War.” Draper.

..279 John W. Draper, M.D., LL.D., was born in England in 1811 ; came to the United States in 1833. Besides the above and many valuable treatises on chemistry, physiology, and mixed mathematics, le is the author of a “ History of the lutellectual Development of Europe," pronounced by Whipple “comprehensive in scope, brilliant in style, and bold in speculation." He died in 1882. Evacuation of Richmond. From “A Southern History of the War.” Pollard...

.291

Miracles of the War. From “ History of the American Civil War." Draper....

..295

CONTENTS.

First Discovery of America; The Northmen's discoveries (15); Co

lumbus (18); India-tbe route to it; Idea and plan of Columbus (19)

Landing of Columbus in the New World (21); Other Discoveries of

Columbus (22); Return of Columbus to Spain (23); Tbe Indians (25);

The Mound builders (27); Were the lodians the Mound-builders ?

English Discoveries (29); Origin of the name America ; The new lands

not India (30); The first voyage around the earth (31); Discovery of

Florida (32); De Soto’s Expedition (34); Discovery of the Mississippi

(35); Burial of De Soto (36); Drake's Voyage around the world (37);

Other expeditions by the English (40); Explorations by the French ;

Marquette on the Mississippi (41); La Salle descends the Mississippi

(43); How the lands wire disposed of (47). Summary ; Claims (48);

Topical Review (49); Model for a written exercise (50).

SECTION II. THE COLONIAL PERIOD.

Virginia.-Settlement of Jamestown (52); Character of the Colo-

nists (54); The gold excitement; The starving time (55); Lord Dela-

ware's administration ; Marriage of Pocahontas (56); Tobacco (57);

Importa ion of wives (58); Bacon's Rebellion (59).

New England. - Early explorations (59); First English settlement in

Maine (60); The Great Patent; Puritans and Pilgrims; The Pilgrims

in England (61); The Pilgrims in Holland (62) The Embarkation (63);

Settlement of Plymouth (64); The first winter at Plymouth (66); Great

aim of the Pilgrims; Settlement of New Hampshire (67); Massachu-

setts Bay Colny; Setilement of Boston (68); Settlement of Connecti.

cut; Hoker's emigration (69); Pequoi War; New Haven Colony ;

A Sabbath in New Haven (70); The founder of Rhode Island ; His

flight to Rhode Island (72); Early history of Rhode Island (73); Union

of New England Colonies (74); Persecution of the Quakers (75); Kiny

Philip's War (76); Storming of the Narragapsett Fort; Death of

Pbilip (77); Salem Witchcraft (78); Witchcraft in Europe (79).

New York and New Jersey.—Discovery of the lludson river; The

Half Moon ascends the Huilson (80); The first setilement (82); Growth

of the colony (83); The English take New Netherlands (85); New

Jersey (86).

Maryland.-Lord Baltimore (87) ; Commencement of colonization (88);

Clay borne's Claims ; Civil war (90).

Pennsylvania and Delaware.—William Penn (91); The Swedes in

Delaware (92) ; Dutch Claim-Conquest by Stuyvesant (93); Delaware

united to Peonsylvania (94); Penn's great treaty (94).

North and South Carolina.—The Huguenots in Carolina (96); Albe-

marle and Clarendon colonies; The Grand Model ; Division of the

province (98)

Georgia. -Motives for the settlement; Settlement of Savannah (99) “

Wesley and Whitefield (100).

European Wars that affected the Colonies.-King William's, Queen

Anne's, and King George's (101); The Iroquois (102).

The French and Indian War.—The French Claim (102); The English

Claim; Washington's Mission (103), his expedition (105); Expulsion

of the Acadians ; Braddock's Defeat (106); Capture of Quebec (108).

Condition of the Colonies. — Population (112); Government; Industry

(113); Fisheries ; Printing (115); Education and Schools (116); Man-

ners and Customs (117); Money (119). Summary by Colonies (120);

General Summary (123); Topical Review (124).

SECTION III. THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD.

Causes of the war (125); The Stamp Act (12€); Boston Massacre

(127); Boston Tea Party (128); First Continental Congress (130); Paul

Revere's Ride (132); Lexington and Concord (133); Capture of Ticon-

deroga ; Battle of Bunker Hill (135) ; Necessity of the War; Washing-

ton chosen Commander-in-Chief (139); Expedition against Canada (140);

Death of Montgomery (141); The British evacuate Boston ; Expedition

against Charleston (142); Birth of the Nation (144); The fathers of the

Declaration (145); Battle of Long Island ; Retreat of Washington (148);

Execution of Hale (149) ; Battle of Trenton (150); Battle of Princeton ;

Lafayette joins the Americans (152); Expedition against Philadelphia

(153); Battle of Germantown (154); The Army at Valley Forge ; The

Dark Hour at Valley Forge (155); Burgoyne's invasion (156); Arnold

relieves Fort Schuyler (157); Battle of Bennington; Foes of the pa-

triots (158); Surrender of Burgoyne (159); Franklin at the French

Court (160); Evacuation of Philadelphia (161); Battle of Monmouth

(162); Massacre of Wyoming (163); Events in the South (164); Storm-

ing of Stony Point; Paul Jones's victory (1655); Loss of Charleston

(166); Marion, Sumter, and Pickens; Battle of Camden (167); Treason

of Arnold (169) ; Arrest of Andre (170); Fate of Andre (171); Battle of

the Cowpens (172); Cornwallis pursues Morgan ; Battles of Guilford

Court House and Eutaw Springs (173); Arnold's expedition against

Virginia ; Siege of Yorktown (174); Surrender of Cornwallis (175);

Condition of the country (176) ; Washington's farewell to his officers;

Resigns liis command (177); Adoption of the Constitution (178); The

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Federalist; First political parties (179); Summary (180); Topical

Review (181).

SECTION IV. THE CONSTITUTIONAL PERIOD,

Washington's Administration.—IIis inauguration (183); First Mease

ures; Admission of Vermont (184); Indian war; Foreign affairs (185);

John Jay (186); Invention of the cotton-gin (187); Migration to the

West (188); Admission of Kentucky and Tennessee ; Washington's

Farewell Address (190).

John Adams's Administration. His inauguration (191); Hostilities of

France ; Death of Washington (192); Character of Washington (192)

Jefferson's Administration. His inauguration; Admission of Ohio

(195); Purchase of Louisiana (196); War with the Barbary States (198);

Exploit of Decatur (199); Death of Hamilton (200); Trial of Burr ;

Fulton's first steamboat (201); How the Clerniont was regarded ;

British aggressions (203); The embargo (205).

Madison's Administration.-War declared against Great Britain ;

Hull's invasion of Canada ; Victories on the ocean (206) • Capture of

the Guerriere (207); “Don't give up the ship!" (208); Perry's victory

(209); Harrison's victory (211); Brown's invasion of Canada (212);

Plattsburg and Lake Champlain (213); Attack on Baltimore (213);

New Orleans saved (214); Hartford Convention (215); End of the war;

How the news was received ; War with Algiers (216); Admission of

Louisiana and Indiana (218).

Monroe's Administration.—The Seminole war and Florida (219) ;

Admission of Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, and Maile; The Missouri

Compromise (220); Lafayette's visit (221).

John Quincy Adams's Administration.— The 10th national election

(222); Death of John Adams and Thoinas Jefferson (223); The tariff

(224); Internal improvemenis (225); Canals (226).

Jackson's Administration - The 11th national election (226); Rotation

in office; Bank of the United States (227); Nullification (228); Admi.3-

sion of Arkansas and Michigan (229).

Van Buren’s Administration.—The 13th national election (230;;

Panic of 1837; Slavery agitation (231); Railroads ; Steam navigation

(233).

Harrison and Tyler's Administrations.—The 14th national electior:

(233); Death of Harrison (235); Annexation of Texas ; The magnetiu

telegraph (230).

Polk's Administration.—The 15th national election (237); War with

Mexico ; Taylor's campaign (238); Conquest of New Mexico and Cali.

forvia (239); Scoit's campaign (240); American conquest of Mexico

(241); Treaty of peace (242); Discovery of gold in California (243);

Admission of Florida, Texas, lowa, and Wisconsin (244).

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