Premises of Free Trade Examined: Also Reviews of Bastiat's "Sophisms of Protection," of Professor Sumner's Argument Against "protective Taxes," of Professor Perry's "Farmers and the Tariff," of Professor Sumner's Speech Before the Tariff Commission and of "Progress and Poverty."
J. Wilson and son, 1883 - 232 páginas
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abroad abundance Adam Smith advantage agriculture American amount annual product appears argument Bastiat become believe better bring called capital cause cent Chapter classes commodities conclusion condition consume cost demand desire diminished doctrine duty effect employed employment England equal exchange exist fact farmers field fifty follows foreign France free trade free-trade George give greater gross hand higher imported improvements income increase individual industry interest iron labor land less limited logic maintain manufactures means Mill millions natural necessary never obtain persons political economy population portion possible present Professor profits proposition protection protectionist question raise reasoning rent result says skill society sufficient Sumner supply suppose tariff theory things thousand millions tion true United wages wealth whole
Página 15 - What is prudence in the conduct of every private family, can scarce be folly in that of a great kingdom. If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry, employed in a way in which we have some advantage.
Página 22 - The niggardliness of nature, not the injustice of society, is the cause of the penalty attached to overpopulation. An unjust distribution of wealth does not aggravate the evil, but, at most, causes it to be somewhat earlier felt. It is in vain to say that all mouths which the increase of mankind calls into existence bring with them hands. The new mouths require as much food as the old ones, and the hands do not produce as much.
Página 29 - By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.
Página 3 - ... the general industry of the society, or to give it the most advantageous direction, is not, perhaps, altogether so evident. The general industry of the society never can exceed what the capital of the society can employ. As the number of workmen that can be kept in employment by any particular person must bear a certain proportion to his capital, so the number of those that can be continually employed by all the members of a great society must bear a certain proportion to the whole capital of...
Página 4 - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone...
Página 4 - There can be no more industry than is supplied with materials to work up and food to eat. Self-evident as the thing is, it is often forgotten that the people of a country are maintained and have their wants supplied, not by the produce of present labour, but of past.
Página 11 - Every manufacturer, encouraged in our Country, makes part of a market for Provisions within ourselves and saves so much money to the Country as must otherwise be exported to pay for the manufactures he supplies. Here in England...
Página 22 - ... existing habits of the people, under such an encouragement, it undoubtedly would in little more than twenty years, what would then be their condition? Unless the arts of production were, in the same time, improved in an almost unexampled degree, the inferior soils which must be resorted to, and the more laborious and scantily remunerative cultivation which must be employed on the superior soils, to procure food for so much larger a population, would, by an insuperable necessity, render even individual...