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BEFORE A

BY SF

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ALDERO
HEARING

APR 1, 1943
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GOVT. S.
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS.

UNITED STATES, SENATE
SEVENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 702

A BILL TO MOBILIZE THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL
RESOURCES OF THE NATION, TO ESTABLISH AN
OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MOBI-

LIZATION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

PART 1

MARCH 30, 1943

Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

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ROBERT R. REYNOLDS, North Carolina, Chairman ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

WARREN R. AUSTIN, Vermont EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire LISTER HILL, Alabama

CHAN GURNEY, South Dakota SHERIDAN DOWNEY, California

RUFUS C. HOLMAN, Oregon ALBERT B. CHANDLER, Kentucky

HENRY CABOT LODGE, JR., Massachusetts HARRY S. TRUMAN, Missouri

CHAPMAN REVERCOMB, West Virginia
MON C. WALLGREN, Washington

GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa
HARLEY M, KILGORE, West Virginia
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

· WESLEY E. MCDONALD, Clerk
WALTER I. SMALLEY, Special Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MOBILIZATION

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia, Chairman ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

RUFUS C. HOLMAN, Oregon EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado

CHAPMAN REVERCOMB, West Virginia MON C. WALLGREN, Washington

GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana

HENRY H. COLLINS, Jr., and HERBERT SCHIMMEL, Consultants

COLEMAN ROSENBERGER, Hearings Editor
II

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SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MOBILIZATION

TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 1943

UNITED STATES SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL
MOBILIZATION OF THE COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 2:30 p. m., in room 104-B, Senate Office Building, Senator Harley M. Kilgore (chairman) presiding

Present: Senators Kilgore (chairman) and Wallgren.

Also present: Henry 8. Collins, Jr., and Herbert Schimmel, of the committee staff.

Witness present: Hon. Thurman Arnold; also present: Robert M. Hunter and Joseph Borkin.

Senator KILGORE. The committee will come to order.

This is the first meeting of the subcommittee on S. 702 of the Committee on Military Affairs. I want to introduce S. 702 at this point and have it made part of the record.

(S. 702 was marked "Exhibit No. 1” and follows:)

EXHIBIT No. 1

[S. 702, 78th Cong., 1st sess. ]

A BILL To mobilize the scientific and technical resources of the Nation, to establish an

Office of Scientific and Technical Mobilization, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

DECLARATION OF POLICY

SECTION 1. The Congress hereby recognizes that the full development and application of the Nation's scientific and technical resources are necessary for the effective prosecution of the war and for peacetime progress and prosperity, and that serious impediments thereto consist in

the unassembled and uncoordinated state of information concerning existing scientific and technical resources ;

the lack of an adequate appraisal, and the unplanned and improvident training, development, and use, of scientific and technical personnel, resources, and facilities in relation to the national need;

the consequent delay and ineffectiveness in meeting the urgent scientific and technical problems of the national defense and essential civilian needs;

the trend toward monopolized control of scientific and technical data and other resources with lack of access thereto in the public interest; and

the absence of an effective Federal organization to promote and coordinate, in the national interest, scientific and technical developments.

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