Authority to Interstate Commerce Commission to Examine Correspondence Files of Carriers: Hearings Before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce of the House of Representatives, Sixty-fourth Congress, First Session. March 3, 1916

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1916 - 34 páginas
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Página 8 - And in case of disobedience to a subpoena the commission, or any party to a proceeding before the commission, may invoke the aid of any court of the United States in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and documents under the provisions of this section.
Página 8 - Commission (and produce books and papers if so ordered) and give evidence touching the matter in question; and any failure to obey such order of the court may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof.
Página 8 - Such attendance of witnesses, and the production of such documentary evidence, may be required from any place in the United States, at any designated place of hearing.
Página 8 - The claim that any such testimony or evidence may tend to criminate the person giving such evidence shall not excuse such witness from testifying; but such evidence or testimony shall not be used against such person on the trial of any criminal proceeding.
Página 12 - of all the rights of the citizen, few are of greater importance or more essential to his peace and happiness than the right of personal security, and that involves, not merely protection of his person from assault, but exemption of his private affairs, books, and papers from the inspection and scrutiny of others. 'Without the enjoyment of this right, all others would lose half their value.
Página 32 - And any compulsory discovery by extorting the party's oath, or compelling the production of his private books and papers, to convict him of crime, or to forfeit his property, is contrary to the principles of a free government. It is abhorrent to the instincts of an Englishman; it is abhorrent to the instincts of an American. It may suit the purposes of despotic power; but it cannot abide the pure atmosphere of political liberty and personal freedom.
Página 26 - Congress passed in the exercise of its constitutional powers, cannot refuse to produce the books and papers of such corporation, we do not wish to be understood as holding that a corporation is not entitled to immunity, under the Fourth Amendment, against unreasonable searches and seizures. A corporation is, after all, but an association of individuals under an assumed name with a distinct legal entity.
Página 34 - Although, for the reasons above stated, we are of the opinion that an officer of a corporation which is charged with a violation of a statute of the State of Its creation, or of an act of Congress, passed in the exercise of its constitutional powers...
Página 8 - ... the commission shall have power to require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all such documentary evidence relating to any matter under investigation.

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