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The national capitol is a very noble and dignified building. It is built of sandstone and marble, with a multitude of stately columns, and a majestic dome towering over all. The entire building covers three and one-half acres. Crowning a lofty hill and surrounded by spacious grounds, the capitol is a conspicuous object at a distance of many miles.

The corner-stone was laid by President Washington, September 18, 1793. The wings of the central part were completed in 1811, and were burned by the British in 1814. The entire central part was finished in 1827. The present large wings were begun in 1851, and the great iron dome was completed in 1865.

The building faces east. The north wing contains the senate chamber, the south wing that of the house of representatives. The supreme court meets in the old senate chamber, in one of the original wings. At the main entrances are magnificent bronze doors, and the halls and corridors are rich with statuary and historical paintings.

CHAPTER I

Our Country

1. Why We Love Our Country.-Every good American citizen loves his country and is proud of it. We have very good reasons both for the love and for the

pride. Ours is one of the greatest nations of the world, in area of territory, in number of people, in wealth. and in power. We also think that the citizens of the great republic are among the most intelligent in the world. Free public schools make it possible for every one to get some sort of an education, and books and newspapers are found in every home. But better still is the liberty which we enjoy. We have no king or emperor to rule over us. We choose our own officers of state, who, indeed, are not our rulers, but are merely public servants. In some countries the police are constantly interfering with people. A public meeting cannot be held without the consent of the police. The police watch the hotel registers and keep careful track of all strangers. If a club or a debating society is formed, the police have to be notified. Then, too, every young man has to spend several years as a soldier-for most of the nations of Europe keep vast armies always ready for war. Now, with us the policeman and the soldier are much less prominent. As long as one is not a thief or some other sort of criminal, the police let one quite alone. needs to be a soldier at all. volunteers. In short, we live in a free land, in which every one may live his life in his own way, so long as he does not interfere with the rights of his neighbors.

And no one in our country
Our few soldiers are all

2. These are some reasons for loving our country. There are many other reasons too, but perhaps these are enough to show what we mean. Still, it may be as well to add one more—it is our home. There are few words dearer to any genuine man or woman than home.

But just as the home is the center of the life of the family, so our country is the center of the nation's life. It is our

home land-the land of our

fathers and mothers, of our brothers and sisters. And he is a poor ingrate who does not dearly love his home.

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3. What We Mean by a Patriot.-A patriot is one who loves his fatherland-his country. People show patriotism in various ways. time of war, when the national safety is menaced by a public enemy, men are ready to enter the army and to give their lives, if need be, in defence of their country. A true patriot, too, is pleased by everything which reflects credit on his homeland. He is anxious that its public affairsshall

be stained with

no meanness or dishonor. He is anxious that its government shall always be just

MONUMENT OF NATHAN HALE

Captain Nathan Hale, of the revolutionary army, was a young graduate of Yale College, who went into the service soon after the battle of Lexington. Having entered the British lines in New York to get information for General Washington, he was detected, and was hanged as a spy, September 22, 1776. His last words were, "I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."

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