A Sense of Place: Birmingham's Black Middle-class Community, 1890-1930
University of Alabama Press, 1999 - 326 páginas
This portrait of a middle-class African American community showcases the way its citizens overcame racial hostility and developed a sense of place and collective identity. The author draws from a range of primary sources to demonstrate how the community developed and thrived.
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achieved activities African Americans Alabama Association August Avenue Bank Baptist Baptist Church Birmingham Reporter Birmingham Truth black community Board branch Brown building century church city's clubs Colored Company construction continued County created Department District early efforts elite established force founded fraternal funds Harris held high school History homeownership improve individuals Industrial Institute Insurance interest January John June land leaders League Library lived located lodges lots March Mason meeting middle-class mingham mortgage moved needs Negro North noted November October offered officers operated orders organizations Parker percent Pettiford political population position Press purchased race racial real estate recognized Record residents role Savings served shared Smith Smithfield social society South Southern status Street success teachers tion Tuggle United University Urban Voice Washington women York
Take Up the Black Man's Burden: Kansas City's African American Communities ...
Charles Edward Coulter
Pré-visualização limitada - 2006
The Political Theory of a Compound Republic: Designing the American Experiment
Vincent Ostrom,Barbara Allen
Pré-visualização limitada - 2008