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That they may break his foaming courser's back,
Gaunt. Sister, farewell: I must to Coventry:
Not with the empty hollowness, but weight:
For sorrow ends not when it seemeth done.
And what cheer there for welcome, but my groans?
6 A caitiff] Caitiff originally signified a prisoner; next a slave, from the condition of prisoners; then a scoundrel, from the qualities of a slave.
Gosford Green, near Coventry.
Lists set out, and a Throne. Heralds, &c. attending.
Enter the Lord Marshal,' and AUMERLE.
Mar. My lord Aumerle, is Harry Hereford arm'd?
Stays but the summons of the appellant's trumpet. Aum. Why then, the champions are prepar'd, and stay
For nothing but his majesty's approach.
Flourish of Trumpets. Enter King RICHARD, who takes his seat on his Throne; GAUNT, and several Noblemen,, who take their places. A Trumpet is sounded, and answered by another Trumpet within. Then enter NORFOLK, in armour, preceded by a
K. Rich. Marshal, demand of yonder champion The cause of his arrival here in arms:
Ask him his name; and orderly proceed
7 Lord Marshal,]. Shakspeare has here committed a slight mistake. The office of Lord Marshal was executed on this occasion by Thomas Holland, Duke of Surrey. Our author has inadvertently introduced that nobleman as a distinct person from the Marshal, in the present drama. Mowbray Duke of Norfolk was the Earl Marshal of England; but being himself one of the combatants, the duke of Surrey officiated as Earl Marshal for the day.
Aumerle.] Edward Duke of Aumerle, so created by his cousin german, King Richard II. in 1397. He was the eldest son of Edward of Langley Duke of York, fifth son of King Edward the Third, and was killed in 1415, at the battle of Agincourt. He officiated at the lists of Coventry, as High Constable of England.
To swear him in the justice of his cause.
Mar. In God's name, and the king's, say who thou art,
And why thou com'st, thus knightly clad in arms: Against what man thou com'st, and what thy quar
Speak truly, on thy knighthood, and thy oath;
Nor. My name is Thomas Mowbray, duke of
Who hither come engaged by my oath,
(Which, heaven defend, a knight should violate!) Both to defend my loyalty and truth,
To God, my king, and my succeeding issue,
Trumpet sounds. Enter BOLINGBROKE, in armour; preceded by a Herald.
K. Rich. Marshal, ask yonder knight in arms, Both who he is, and why he cometh hither Thus plated in habiliments of war;
And formally according to our law
Depose him in the justice of his cause.
Mar. What is thy name? and wherefore com❜st thou hither,
Before King Richard, in his royal lists?
Against whom comest thou? and what's thy quar
Speak like a true knight, so defend thee hea
Boling. Harry of Hereford, Lancaster, and
Am I; who ready here do stand in arms,
To prove, by heaven's grace, and my body's valour,
To God of heaven, king Richard, and to me;
Mar. On pain of death, no person be so bold,
Boling. Lord marshal, let me kiss my sovereign's hand,
And bow my knee before his majesty:
For Mowbray, and myself, are like two men
And craves to kiss your hand, and take his leave.
Cousin of Hereford, as thy cause is right,
you, my noble cousin, lord Aumerle:-
The daintiest last, to make the end most sweet:
O thou, the earthly author of my blood,
Whose youthful spirit, in me regenerate,
Add proof unto mine armour with thy prayers;
• Gaunt. Heaven in thy good cause make thee prosperous!
Be swift like lightning in the execution;
Rouse up thy youthful blood, be valiant and
Boling. Mine innocency, and Saint George to [He takes his seat. Nor. [Rising.] However heaven, or fortune, cast my lot,
There lives or dies, true to king Richard's throne,
Cast off his chains of bondage, and embrace
waxen coat,] The object of Bolingbroke's request is, that the temper of his lance's point might as much exceed the mail of his adversary, as the iron of that mail was harder than wax.
1 Fall like amazing thunder on the casque-] To amaze, in ancient language, signifies to stun, to confound.