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King Richard the Second.
to John of Gaunt; afterwards King Henry IV.
Creatures to King Richard. Earl of Northumberland: Henry Percy, his Son. Lord Ross. Lord Willoughby.
Lord Willoughby. Lord Fitzwater. Bishop of Carlisle. Abbot of Westminster. Lord Marshal; and another Lord. Sir Pierce of Exton. Sir Stephen Scroop. Captain of a Band of Welchmen.
Queen to King Richard.
Lords, Heralds, Officers, Soldiers, Two Gardeners, Keeper, Messenger, Groom, and other Aitendants.
SCENE, dispersedly in England and Wales.
Duke of Aumerle,] Aumerle, or Aumale, is the French for what we now call Albemarle, which is a town in Normandy. The old historians generally use the French title. STEEVENS.
2 Earl Berkley.] It ought to be Lord Berkley. There was no Earl Berkley till some ages after. STEEvens.
Lord Ross.] Now spelt Roos, one of the Duke of Rutland's titles. STEEVENS.
THE LIFE AND DEATH OF
KING RICHARD II.
SCENE I. London. A Room in the Palace.
Enter King RICHARD, attended; John of GAUNT,
and other Nobles, with him. K. Rich. Old John of Gaunt, time-honour'd
Lancaster, Hast thou, according to thy oath and band, Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son; Here to make good the boisterous late appeal, Which then our leisure would not let us hear, Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray?
"Gaunt. I have, my liege.
Gaunt. As near as I could sift him on that ar
On some apparent danger seen in him,
The accuser, and the accused, freely speak:
[Exeunt some Attendants,
Nor. Each day still better other's happiness;
ters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come; Namely, to appeal each other of high treason. Cousin of Hereford, what dost thou object Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray? Boling. First, (heaven be the record to my
speech!) In the devotion of a subject's love, Tendering the precious safety of my prince, And free from other misbegotten háte, Come I appellant to this princely presence.Now, Thomas Mowbray, do I turn to thee, And mark my greeting well; for what I speak, My body shall make good upon this earth, Or my divine soul answer it in heaven, Thou art a traitor, and a miscreant; Too good to be so, and too bad to live; Since, the more fair and crystal is the sky, The uglier seem the clouds that in it fly. Once more, the more to aggravate the note, With a foul traitor's name stuff I thy throat; And wish, (so please my sovereign,) ere I move, What my tongue speaks, my right-drawn” sword
Nor. Let not my cold words here accuse my
zeal: Tis not the trial of a woman's war, The bitter clamour of two eager tongues, Can arbitrate this cause betwixt us twain: The blood is hot, that must be cool'd for this, Yet can I not of such tame patience boast, As to be hush'd, and nought at all to say: First, the fair reverence of your highness curbs me From.giving reins and spurs to my free speech; Which else would post, until it had return'd These terms of treason doubled down his throat. Setting aside his high blood's royalty, And let him be no kinsman to my liege, I do defy him, and I spit at him; Call him-a slanderous coward, and a villain: Which to maintain, I would allow him odds; And meet him, were I tied to run a-foot Even to the frozen ridges of the Alps, Or any other ground inhabitable 3 Where ever Englishman durst set his foot. Mean time, let this defend my loyalty, By all my hopes, most falsely doth he lie. Boling. Pale trembling coward, there I throw
my gage, Disclaiming here the kindred of a king; And lay aside my high blood's royalty, Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to except: If guilty dread hath left thee so much strength, As to take up mine honour's pawn, then stoop; By that, and all the rites of knighthood else, Will I make good against thee, arm to arm, What I have spoke, or thou canst worse devise.
Nor. I take it up; and, by that sword I swear, Which gently lay'd my knighthood on my shoulder, I'll answer thee in any fair degree,
right-drawn--] Drawn in a right or just cause.
Or chivalrous design of knightly trial:
it true; That Mowbray hath receiv'd eight thousand nobles, In name of lendings for your highness' soldiers; The which he hath detain'd for lewd employments, Like a false traitor, and injurious villain. Besides I say, and will in battle prove,--
, Or here, or elsewhere, to the furthest verge That ever was survey'd by English eye,
That all the treasons, for these eighteen years Complotted and contrived in this land, Fetch from false Mowbray their first head and
that can inherit us, &c.] To inherit is no more than to possess, though such a use of the word may be peculiar to Shakspeare,
for lewd-] Lewd, in our author, sometimes signifies wicked, and sometimes idle.
& Suggest -] i. e. pronupt.