Haldeman-Julius Company, 1926 - 90 páginas
From the Introduction In his Autobiography, Mill predicts that the essay On Liberty is "likely to survive longer than anything else that I have written." He goes on to say that the essay is the expression of a "single truth: " "the importance, to man and society, of a large variety of types of character, and of giving full freedom to human nature to expand itself in innumerable and conflicting directions." In the essay itself, Mill defines his subject as "the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual." He defends the absolute freedom of individuals to engage in conduct not harmful to others, and the near-absolute freedom to express and discuss opinions of all kinds. Mill's essay survives, as he had predicted, because his powerful message is still widely rejected by the powerful, and by those who continue to seek power over the lives of others.
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able action admit affect allowed amount appear argument asserted attempt authority become believe better body called cause character Christian civilization common concerns condition conduct considerable considered consistent contrary custom desire direct discussion doctrine duty enforce equally evil example exercise exist experience fact feelings follow force freedom give grounds hold human important impose individual interest interference judgment justify kind least less liberty limit living mankind means ment mental merely mind mode moral nature necessary needs never object obtain offence opinion parties permitted persecution persons political portion position practical prefer prevent principle profess protection punishment question reason received regard religion religious render require respect rest rule side social society stand strong supposed things thought tion toleration true truth unless whole wrong
Página 10 - If all mankind, minus one, were of one opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind.
Página 34 - But what will be his comparative worth as a human being? It really is of importance, not only what men do, but also what manner of men they are that do it.
Página 6 - It is proper to state that I forego any advantage which could be derived to my argument from the idea of abstract right, as a thing independent of utility. I regard utility as the ultimate appeal on all ethical questions; but it must be utility in the largest sense, grounded on the permanent interests of a man as a progressive being.
Página 37 - To give any fair play to the nature of each, it is essential that different persons should be allowed to lead different lives.
Página 63 - A general State education is a mere contrivance for moulding people to be exactly like one another: and as the mould in which it casts them is that which pleases the predominant power in the government, whether this be a monarch, a priesthood, an aristocracy, or the majority of the existing generation; in proportion as it a efficient and successful, it establishes a despotism over the mind, leading by natural tendency to one over the body.
Página 33 - Where, not the person's own character, but the traditions or customs of other people are the rule of conduct, there is wanting one of the principal ingredients of human happiness, and quite the chief ingredient of individual and social progress.
Página 14 - Mankind can hardly be too often reminded, that there was once a man named Socrates, between whom and the legal authorities and public opinion of his time, there took place a memorable collision. Born in an age and country abounding in individual greatness, this man has been handed down to us by those who best knew...
Página 7 - Secondly, the principle requires liberty of tastes and pursuits; of framing the plan of our life to suit our own character; of doing as we like, subject to such consequences as may follow; without impediment from our fellow-creatures, so long as what we do does not harm them, even though they should think our conduct foolish, perverse, or wrong.
Página 3 - ... the tyranny \ of the magistrate is not enough; there needs protection also against the tyranny of the prevailing opinion and feeling; against the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its own ideas and practices as rules of conduct on those who dissent from them...
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What Is This Thing Called Science? (Third Edition)
Alan F. Chalmers
Pré-visualização indisponível - 1999