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or by the failure of the employer to comply with any lawful requirement the right to institute an action in court

HOXIE, R. F. The truth about the I. W. W. Journ. Pol. Econ., Nov., 1913. Pp. 12.

The I. W. W. is weak in effective membership, torn by irreconcilable internal conflict, and the character of its leaders gives no hope of bringing order out of the chaos.

KELLOGG, P. U. The field before the Commission on Industrial Relations.

Pol. Sci. Quart., Dec., 1913. Pp. 18.

Kershaw, B. C. The future relation of capital and labour. Fortn. Rev., Dec., 1913. Pp. 25.

Concludes after an examination of a number of profit-sharing schemes that the essential elements of a successful plan are the recognition of the union, the payment of the union rate of wages, and the investment of part of the laborer's bonus in the shares of the business. LEMOZIN, M. A la confédération général du travail: moyens et fins. Mouv. Social, Sept. 15, 1913. Pp. 15.

The influence of revolutionary syndicalism is waning.

LINN, J. H. Modern apprenticeship. Ry. Age Gaz., Nov. 28, 1913. Pp. 2.
A brief abstract of the papers relating to apprenticeship read at the
first annual convention of the National Association of Corporation
Schools.

MARKS, M. M. Art of industrial conciliation. Rev. of Rev., Nov., 1913. Pp. 3.
MEERWARTH, R. Zur Statistik und Theorie des Arbeitsmarktes. Die Bank,
Dec., 1913. Pp. 9.

Criticises the Marxian doctrine of the labor reserve.

MORRISON, C. J. Short-sighted methods of dealing with labor. Engg. Mag., Jan., 1914. Pp. 6.

Militant unionism is largely due to the failure of employers to pay good wages and to provide working conditions.

MUELLER-OESTREICH, I. Die Arbeitsbedingungen für die Angestellten in Zweiggeschäften. Soziale Praxis, Nov. 6, 1913. Pp. 7.

The results of a private inquiry, based on a questionnaire, into the conditions of employment in branches of Berlin mercantile establish

ments.

PHELPS, E. B. An open letter to the New York Industrial Board in re automatic sprinkler protection for factory-workers. Am. Underwriter, Oct., 1913. Pp. 18.

Urges that the board require sprinkler protection in factories.

PICHT, W. Das gesetzliche Lohnminimum in England. Zeitschr. f. Volkswirtsch., No. VI, 1913. Pp. 40.

A comprehensive study of the history of the Trade Boards act and of the work of the boards.

RUTTEN, R. P. C. Les responsabilités syndicales. Mouv. Social, Dec. 15, 1913. Pp. 16.

An interesting exposition of the Catholic view of the industrial conflicts, by the founder of the Belgian Catholic trade unions.

S. L. B. Agricultural labourers and trade unionism. New Statesman, Nov. 22, 1913. Pp. 2.

Some considerations on the present movement toward organization among the English agricultural laborers.

SANDERS, W. S. Industrial organization in Germany. New Statesman, Oct. 18, 1913. Pp. 8.

An excellent brief description of German trade unionism.

SCHULTZE, E. Die Verschwendung von Menschenleben in der Vereinigten Staaten. II. Zeitschr. f. Socialwis., Dec., 1913. Pp. 12.

Reviews the high death-rate from accidents in American manufactures and mines, the loss of life by fires, and the lack of preventive measures against tuberculosis and other diseases.

STEWART, O. D. The West Virginia coal miners' strike; a review. Am. Employer, Nov., Dec., 1913. Pp. 8, 13.

TAYLOR, G. R. The clash in the copper country. Survey, Nov. 1, 1913. Pp. 14. Includes a review of the demands of the strikers.

UNDEN, O. Den danska lagstifningen om kollektivaftal. Ek. Tids., No. 9. 1913. Pp. 16.

An account of the Danish legislation concerning collective bargaining and settlement of labor disputes.

VEVASSEUR, J. La réforme de la loi sur les syndicats professionels. Mus. Soc., Mém. & Doc., Dec., 1913. Pp. 18.

The law of 1884 should be amended so as to increase the power of the trade associations to hold property, since thereby their legal responsibility for wrongful acts would be increased.

WALLACE, J. H. The Washington compensation act. Pro. Am. Min. Cong., 1912.

WEAVER, S. R. The Ontario workmen's compensation bill. Journ. Pol. Econ., Oct., 1913. Pp. 10.

The proposed law is wide in scope and provides for a liberal scale of compensation. It brings a number of industries under group liabilty, but makes employers in other industries, notably the railroad companies, individually liable.

WEILL, H. Das Arbeitsverhältnis in den deutschen gewerblichen Produktivgenossenschaften. Soziale Praxis, Oct. 9, 1913. Pp. 3.

Finds that the conditions of employment are best in those industrial coöperative establishments which are closely connected with consumers' coöperative societies.

WETHERED, E. H. C. Unemployment and insurance. Accountant, Dec. 20, 1913. Pp. 5.

A popular account of the working of the English scheme, by the chairman of the Bristol Court of Referees.

WOELBLING, P. Arbeitsnachweis und Tarifverträge. Soziale Praxis, Dec. 11,

1913. Pp. 4.

Discusses the feasibility of making the employment bureaus one of the agencies in securing the observance of collective agreements. ZIMMERMANN, W. Das ewige Problem der Arbeitswilligen. Soziale Praxis, Dec. 18, 1913. Pp. 7.

An account of the recent debate in the Reichstag on the question of the rights of non-unionists.

The Berne conference. World's Lab. Laws, Nov., 1913. Pp. 12.

The conference has proved a disappointment, since instead of raising the standard of industrial legislation, it has set up the lowest possible standard of regulation.

Decision of Detroit arbitrators in regard to working conditions and wages. Elec. Ry. Journ., Nov. 8, 1913. Pp. 2.

The full text of the decision.

Eastern trainmen's wages settled. Ry. Age Gaz., Nov. 14, 1913. Pp. 8.

An abstract of the decision of the Arbitration Board.

Excessive hours worked by trainmen and telegraphers. Ry. Age Gaz., Jan. 9, 1913. P. 1.

The information contained in the report of the Interstate Commerce Commission as to the number of cases during the fiscal year 1913 in which men were on duty for longer periods than those specified in the law is summarized in two convenient tables.

Industrial diseases. N. Y. Lab. Bull., Sept., 1913. Pp. 3, 18.

Tables showing the number of cases of certain industrial poisonings or diseases which physicians in the state of New York are required by law to report.

International trade union statistics. N. Y. Lab. Bull., Sept., 1913. Pp. 17.

Statistics of trade union membership.

The new Danish factory act. World's Lab. Laws, Nov., 1913. Pp. 4. Report of the Board in dispute between the Canadian Pacific Railway Company and certain employees on the Alberta division, members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen. Lab. Gaz. (Ottawa), Nov., 1913. Pp. 15.

Arbitration under Industrial Disputes act, 1907.

Settlement of Indianapolis strike. Elec. Ry. Journ., Nov. 15, 1913. Pp. 3. The strike on the Sunset lines. Ry. Age Gaz., Nov. 21, 1913. Pp. 4. Contains the official statement of the Sunset Central lines.

The unionist insurance policy. New Statesman, Nov. 22, 1913. Pp. 3.

Sums up the defects in the present scheme in so far as it relates to sickness, and contends that the Unionist policy fails to meet the situation.

Violence in Indianapolis strike. Elec. Ry. Journ., Nov. 8, 1913. Pp. 4.

Workmen's compensation in Australia. Lab. Bull., Aug., 1913. Pp. 7.

A comparative analysis, including a conspectus showing the leading features of the acts in force in each state and in the commonwealth. Rapports sur le chômage et les emigrations. Bull. de l'Assoc. Intern. pour la Lutte contre le Chômage, Oct.-Dec., 1913. Pp. 125.

A series of reports from the chief industrial countries of Europe on the relations between migrations and unemployment.

Hauptversammlung der Gesellschaft für Soziale Reform. Soziale Praxis, Nov. 27, 1913. Pp. 4.

Account of the discussion, at the 1913 meeting of the society, concerning the reforms necessary in the law relating to collective agreements.

Prices and Cost of Living
(Abstracts by Henry J. Harris)

BOWLEY, A. L. Relation between changes in wholesale and retail prices of food. Econ. Jour., Dec., 1913. Pp. 10.

Extracts from recent British price studies and computation of a mathematical formula showing the relation between wholesale and retail prices of food.

CLARK, E. What work now buys in food and clothing. N. Y. Times Annalist, Nov. 24, 1913. Pp. 2.

Compares wages in the textile industries with the index number for retail prices of food. Since 1907 there has been a marked decline in the purchasing power of the wages in the cotton, woolen, and silk industries.

GLIER, L. Die Preiskurve und das Teuerungsproblem. IV. Zeitschr. f. Socialwis., Oct., 1913. Pp. 17.

Comparison of prices at Hamburg (free port) with English and other prices.

GUENTHER, A. Zur Frage der Lebenshaltung des Mittelstandes. Archiv f. Frauenarbeit, Dec., 1913. Pp. 47.

Detailed study of cost of living of 8 families of men engaged in technical work (Techniker) such as engineers, architects, railway officials, etc. The method of collecting and analyzing the budgets is

of special interest.

HELLER, V. Probleme der Preisstatistik im Hinblick auf die Preisbildung. Statistische Monatschrift, No. V, 1913. Pp. 61.

Careful general discussion of the technique of price statistics. HELMS, B. The cost of living and high prices. Protectionist, Dec., 1913. Pp. 6. Compares prices on Nov. 8, 1912, with those of Nov. 9, 1918, to best effect of the recent tariff act. Writer gives list of articles in which increases have occurred and similar list of decreases, and finds that the time bas been too brief to permit of a generalization.

WOOD, F. Index numbers for working class cost of living. Econ. Journ., Dec., 1913. Pp. 8.

In constructing an index number for retail prices and cost of living, returns from both middle class and working class retailers should be secured, and a number of firms be included. Writer questions the value of the "predominant" prices reported by the Board of Trade. Care must be taken to secure uniformity in quality of articles for different years. The average for a period of years is preferable for the base. WOOD, F. The course of real wages in London 1900-12. Journ. Royal Statist. Soc., Dec., 1913. Pp. 56.

Wages have not kept pace with prices; during the period 1900-1912, cost of living has increased by 7 per cent, while wages, when changes in the amount of employment are taken into consideration, increased by only about 1 per cent; the net result has been that in London, "real wages" have actually decreased by about 6 per cent.

Keeping down the cost of living in Germany. Daily Con. & Trade Repts., Nov. 18, 1913. Pp. 2.

The city of Nuremberg is now conducting 15 retail stores for the sale of fish and meat at cost. Popular courses of instruction in cooking are given in the city schools.

Reducing the cost of food distribution. Ann. Am. Acad., Nov., 1913. Pp. 306.

Collection of addresses.

Money, Credit, and Banking,

(Abstracts by Don C. Barrett)

A. L. Fünf Jahre deutscher Kleinbanken. Die Bank, Oct., 1913. Pp. 7. Small German banks classified in three groups according to capital. Those of the lowest group (less than 100,000 marks capital) are decreasing in number and are largely savings institutions whose deposits are out of proportion to capital.

BROCK, F. H. Annu nagot om möjligheten för "a compensated dollar." Ek. Tids., No. 9, 1913. Pp. 7.

Meets Wicksell's criticism of a previous article on the possibility of the "compensated dollar."

BROCK, F. H. Om möjligheten för "a compensated dollar." Ek. Tids., No. 6. 1913. Pp. 5.

Believes Irving Fisher's compensated dollar correct in pure theory, but seems to doubt its practicability because of "unreasonable egoism and mutual distrust" in the world of affairs.

CHLEPNER, B. S. Sur un cas de renaissance sociale d'une monnaie. Archives Sociologiques (Bulletin No. 28, Instituts Solvay), Oct. 18, 1913. Pp. 5.

COOKE, T. Four years more of deposit guaranty. Quart. Journ. Econ., Nov., 1913. Pp. 45.

The working of deposit guaranty in Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska,

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