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some of it is really interesting. John Hanks is a second hero in the book. He not only does all the things that John Hanks did in his own. proper person, but, as the author explains in the preface, it was necessary for dramatic reasons to continue his activity through the play; so he combines the functions of Allan Pinkerton, Boston Corbett and others, protecting Lincoln while he lived and avenging him when he died. One almost comes to think that John Hanks may have said to Torrie about what Dennis Hanks wrote to Herndon, "I will say this to you: if you don't have my name very frequently in your book, it won't go at all."

The book is very rare, and has a special interest as a contrast to the work of John Drinkwater, which, with all its limitations, has won an assured place for itself in Lincoln literature.

It is interesting to know that Mr. Drinkwater is following his play with a book, announced for publication in the autumn of 1920, entitled, "Lincoln, the World Emancipator." Whatever its limitations, and they are not likely to be few, the title indicates a point of view which must give interest to the book; for Mr. Drinkwater thinks of Lincoln not simply as the emancipator of American black slaves, but as "The World

Emancipator". Lincoln has become not simply America's most representative American, but in many respects the foremost world-citizen.

Abraham Lincoln is a young folks' hero. There are several good Lives of Lincoln for boys and girls; nor is it easy to think of a modern character the study of whose life could be more valuable for young people.

Beside formal biographies there are many books of genuine value which deal with special aspects of Lincoln's life. The volume of Reminiscences edited by Allan Thorndike Rice, while out of print, is still easily obtainable and is a book of permanent worth. Among books that deal with aspects of his character or career, one thinks at once of Rothschild's "Honest Abe" and "Lincoln, Master of Men," of Judge Richards' "Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman,' of Colonel Carr's "Lincoln at Gettysburg," and other well known and justly esteemed monographs.

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The religion of Lincoln has called forth an extensive literature, I will not mention this, for I have sought to cover that and adjacent fields in my "The Soul of Abraham Lincoln."

The ancestry of Lincoln has evoked a small, but important literature, to which I have given

a critical analysis in my "The Paternity of Abraham Lincoln", and need not mention here in detail.

Some of the biographies of Abraham Lincoln were promptly translated into other languages, and soon other and original works concerning him appeared in other lands. His Life is now to be found not only in French and Spanish and German and Italian and Dutch, but in Japanese and Chinese and in various other languages and dialects. A very interesting shelf can be made of Lives of Lincoln in languages other than the English; and such a collection is valuable as showing how far the name and character of this great man are known and honored the whole world around.

The books about Lincoln which are still in print and obtainable without the payment of a premium upon the prices of the publishers, are less in number than those that are out of print. But it is to be remembered that those which are most permanently valuable have not been allowed to die. Important as it is for collectors and for authors to consult the books which no longer stand upon the shelves of the vendors of current books, the books that give the best and most mature views of Lincoln are all still

obtainable and at reasonable

rates. The

bibliography at the close of this volume shows how many they are and how varied is the list.

He who would realize how voluminous is the Lincoln literature should visit some really large collection, and see for himself something of its extent and variety. But if this be not practicable, he may at least consult the Bibliography issued by the Library of Congress in 1906, under the diligent labor of George T. Ritchie, and sold at the nominal price which the Government places upon its publications. But the list has lengthened measurably since Mr. Ritchie did his work; and a more nearly complete bibliography is that of Honorable Daniel Fish of Minneapolis, of which, I believe, a new and enlarged edition is in preparation.

He who looks through this volume, or sees the books, is sure to ask, "How is it possible that there should be so much to say and write about one man? Are we not at the end? Can future authors do any more than thrash over the old straw?"

I think I can answer the latter question with confident affirmation. There still is unpublished material of value concerning Abraham Lincoln. Patient research is certain to uncover new

sources of information. One who has been for many years a gleaner in this field learns that there are yet considerable areas of information awaiting the careful investigation of the industrious and discriminating author. Lincoln books will continue to appear.

Many of the new books will be good books. They will contain new information, and what is more, they will reveal the growing greatness of Lincoln which even now we are only beginning to realize, and which we could not know till receding decades gave to us adequate perspective for the estimate of so great a man. Old books about Lincoln increase in price, because the fame of Lincoln grows greater every year.

Furthermore, Lincoln books are of permanent value. Scarce items are becoming more scarce and more valuable; and there appears at present no reason to expect that interest in Abraham Lincoln will diminish. His fame grows with the generations. He was once the hero of a nation; he is now a world hero.

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