Bulletin (United States. Bureau of Animal Industry). no. 142, 1911, Edição 142

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1911
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Página 3 - SIR: I have the honor to transmit herewith and to recommend for publication as Bulletin No. 219 of the series of this Bureau the accompanying manuscript, entitled "American Medicinal Leaves and Herbs.
Página 10 - These diseased animals, together with all exposed stallions and mares, were immediately quarantined by the State. Those showing lesions of the disease were purchased by the Government and destroyed, while the exposed animals are still in quarantine under observation. Several Federal and State inspectors are making farm-to-farm inspections with the view of discovering any latent or hidden cases, and it is now believed that the infection is entirely under control. The source from which this center...
Página 37 - Sheridan, and Cherry, in the State of Nebraska, and in the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian reservations and the counties of Custer and Fall River, S. Dak., to any other State or Territory or the District of Columbia unless first inspected by an inspector of this Bureau and accompanied by a certificate issued by the said inspector. On March 10, 1903, the Secretary of Agriculture, with the concurrence of the Secretary of the Interior, issued an order which was posted throughout the above-named Indian...
Página 10 - ... the Trypanosoma equiperdum. It is characterized by an irregular incubation period, the confinement of the first symptoms to the genital tract, the chronic course which it runs, and by finally producing complete paralysis of the posterior extremities, with a fatal termination in from six months to two years.
Página 9 - Many inspections were made and those animals which were found diseased were purchased and killed. Many obstacles were encountered and the disease evidently kept smoldering during 1900. In 1901 the infection appeared with increased vigor, this time in the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Indian Reservations in South Dakota, in addition to northern Nebraska, and more stringent measures were immediately inaugurated to control the spread of the disease. However, eradication in this region was extremely difficult,...
Página 7 - ... of the cases they had observed. Three of the affected mares were at once purchased and sent to Washington for experimental purposes. After a careful and prolonged examination of almost 200 microscopic slides, six living, wriggling trypanosomes (Trypanosoma equiperdum) were found on June 28, 1911, in the blood-tinged serum obtained from a recently developed plaque on the abdomen of one of the mares, thus confirming the diagnosis and also establishing the identity of the disease with that' of Asia,...
Página 3 - Respectfully, AD MELVIN, Chief of Bureau. Hon. JAMES WILSON, Secretary of Agriculture. 3 ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
Página 38 - That any person, company, or corporation knowingly violating the provisions of this act or the orders or regulations made in pursuance thereof shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
Página 8 - During the first half of the nineteenth century it was described as occurring hi many countries of Europe, including Germany, France, Austria, and Switzerland. It was also known to be prevalent along the northern region of Africa in Algiers. It is supposed to have been introduced during the early part of the nineteenth century into Continental Europe through the importation of breeding horses, especially Arab stallions, from the Orient. In the United States the disease was first suspected in 1885...
Página 8 - This exotic disease, which has been known in Europe since 1796, was first discovered in the United States in 1884. It was doubtless introduced with some of the horses imported for breeding purposes, and its nature not being at first recognized its dissemination occurred before attention was attracted to it. A considerable number of animals were found to be infected in Illinois, and the danger to the horse industry was such that the disease was eradicated through the efforts of the State authorities....

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