The Third Option: The Emancipation of European Defense, 1989-2000

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - 179 páginas
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It was logical to expect that the European Economic and Monetary Union would lead ineluctably to an autonomous European defense; the very size of the European Union seems to demand it. The EU eventually will reach the point where its economic and demographic weight will far exceed that of the United States. Can it not be expected too that the EU will seek to make this weight felt internationally? Cogan tracks the halting creation of an independent European military structure, a third way between national armies and ATO, since the Iron Curtain's fall.

With the Cold War's end and subsequent western engagements in Central and Eastern Europe, it is no longer a question of whether NATO and the EU compare; they now must relate. They have to coordinate their planning and force postures so as to avoid duplication of resources and efforts. Although NATO's integrated command structure theoretically was an anomaly with the end of the Cold War, it nevertheless turned out to be the case in Bosnia, and later Kosovo, that nothing was possible until the Americans intervened. The virtue of integrated command -- American participation and know-how -- was once again seen as crucially important, despite the increasingly anachronistic deficit of sovereignty for Western Europe in defense matters. In the long run, Europe's economic power must be balanced by its military and diplomatic might.

 

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Índice

From the Fall of the Berlin Wall to the Change in the Nature of NATO November 1989July 1990
17
From the Gulf War to the New Strategic Concept July 1990 December1991
39
From the Bosnian War to Frances Move Toward NATO 1992December 1995
61
From the AFSOUTH Imbroglio to the Madrid Summit 1996July 1997
83
The Turn Toward Autonomy St Malo to Kosovo to Cologne July 1997June 1999
97
The European Union Becomes a Defense Organization July 1999 December 2000
117
Epilogue
133
Appendix
153
Selected Bibliography
161
Index
167

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Acerca do autor (2001)

CHARLES G. COGAN is a Senior Research Associate at John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Dr. Cogan is the author of Forced to Choose: France, the Atlantic Alliance, and NATO--Then and Now, and Oldest Allies, Guarded Friends: The United States and France Since 1940, both published by Praeger.

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