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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

UNITED STATES. SENATE
SEVENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

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THE LIST

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FIRST SESSION

PURSUANT TO

S. Res. 107
A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING A STUDY OF THE
POSSIBILITIES OF BETTER MOBILIZING
THE NATIONAL RESOURCES OF

THE UNITED STATES

AND ON

S. 702
A BILL TO MOBILIZE THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL
RESOURCES OF THE NATION, TO ESTABLISH AN
OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MOBI-

LIZATION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

PART 5
OCTOBER 14, 1943

Printed for the use of the Committee on Military Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS

ROBERT R. REYNOLDS, North Carolina, Chairman ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

WARREN R. AUSTIN, Vermont EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado

STYLES BRIDGES, New Hampshire LISTER HILL, Alabama

CHAN GUR EY, South Dakota SHERIDAN DOWNEY, California

RUFUS C. HOLMAN, Oregon ALBERT B. CHANDLER, Kentucky

HENRY CABOT LODGE, JR., Massachusetts HARRY S. TRUMAN, Missouri

CHAPMAN REVERCOMB, West Virginia MON C. WALLGREN, Washington

GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa
HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana
JOSEPH C. O'MAHONEY, Wyoming

WESLEY E. MCDONALD, Clerk
WALTER I. SMALLEY, Special Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON WAR MOBILIZATION

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia, Chairman ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah

RUFUS C. HOLMAN, Oregon EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado

CHAPMAN REVERCOMB, West Virginia MON C. WALLGREN, Washington

GEORGE A. WILSON, Iowa
JAMES E, MURRAY, Montana

HENRY H. COLLINS, Jr., Executive Secretary
HERBERT SCHIMMEL, Chief, Investigations and Hearings

COLEMAN ROSENBERGER, Hearings Editor

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MOBILIZATION

THURSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1943

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON WAR MOBILIZATION,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee on war mobilization met at 10:30 a. m., pursuant to call of the chairman, Senator Harley M. Kilgore, West Virginia, presiding.

Present: Senator Harley M. Kilgore, West Virginia.
Also present: Herbert Schimmel, chief investigator.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. We are reopening the hearings on Senate bill No. 702, the technical mobilization bill, The first witness, and the only witness today, will be the Vice President of the United States, the Honorable Henry A. Wallace.

Mr. Wallace, I wish you would go ahead in your own way and give us the results of your experience and investigation with reference to mobilization, cartels, patents, and anything pertaining to development of scientific research and its proper use in the United States and abroad.

STATEMENT OF THE HONORABLE HENRY A. WALLACE, VICE

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

Mr. WALLACE. Senator, my own personal experience has been largely based on my observation of the scientific work in the Department of Agriculture.

The CHAIRMAN. Well, Mr. Vice President, a study of this bill, I believe, would convince almost anybody that it is a bill to give to industry and business the same advantage that the Department of Agriculture has been endeavoring to give to the farmer of the United States.

Mr. WALLACE. That is why I am so much interested in the bill.

I welcome this opportunity to support your interest in one of the most urgent problems before the American people today—the full use of our technological resource to win a decisive victory and to build an enduring peace. In our struggle to translate the total capabilities of this Nation into an effective striking force, we have every reason to be proud of the splendid achievements of science, both in industry and in Government. We must realize, however, that in reality we have only begun to marshal the inventive skills and energy of the American people on the scale required for the tasks which lie ahead.

There is a new and vital power at work in the modern world. The constant and rapid evolution of science and technology is a force

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