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for the revolutionary ideas which were gradually gaining ground, assuring him that they could not lead to any good; and declaring that he was "une mauvaise tête," and, in spite of his superior education and acquirements, he would come to nothing. When the troubles actually commenced, and order and discipline were banished from the army, several regiments deposed their officers, or refused to obey them, and elected others out of their own midst. The regiment to which Bernadotte belonged followed this example, arrested its colonel and its officers, and unanimously chose Sergeant Bernadotte for its commander.
Having accepted this new dignity, he assembled the regiment and thanked his comrades for their confidence, of which, he said, he felt and would prove himself worthy.
well how to refuse importunate petitioners in an indirect way. After he had become marshal, he had an aide-de-camp, who had done him good service, but for which he had already been rewarded with the rank of lieutenantcolonel and the cross of the legion of honor. Not content, however, he seized every opportunity to urge his chief to propose him for colonel. One evening, after this officer had, even in the presence of his comrades, taken the liberty to make palpable allusions to unrequited services, slow promotion, and the like, the marshal related the following apologue:
"When I was still a subaltern, I once went with some of my comrades to see the performances of a company of dogs. I was delighted, and still more astonished at the dexterity of these animals, and asked the proprietor how he contrived to bring his pupils into such admi
"Above all," he thus concluded his speech, "I must impress it upon you, that without dis-rable training. cipline no military body can subsist, and if I am to command you, and to operate efficiently for your welfare, you must promise me absolute, implicit obedience."
"That we will," cried the men, with one voice.
"It follows of course then," resumed the sergeant-colonel, "that whoever does not instantly obey my orders, shall be punished according to the laws of war. Do you swear
"If,' said he, you will come to-morrow about noon, you will comprehend at once my system of education; it is extremely simple.
"I did not fail to attend at the appointed hour, and the master began with one of the older dogs, and which was already trained, but which, it seemed, needed another lesson. Showing to the animal a large tempting piece of meat, he held it up in his hand: the dog danced capitally, and did all that was required of him. When this had continued for some "We swear it!" responded the soldiers. time, I begged the man not to make the docile Bernadotte immediately took a company-brute wait any longer for his reward, and to the one to which he belonged, and on which he could reckon implicitly-put himself at its head, led it to the prison, and brought out the officers, with whom he proceeded to the front of the still assembled regiment.
Soldiers," said he, taking the hand of the colonel, "you have, of your own accord, conferred on me the command over you, and sworn obedience to me: I now command you to recognise again your former colonel and officers. Let us not disgrace a good cause by rebellion and disorder. My command is at an end-I resign it to our former chief."
give him the meat.
"Oh, no! not yet,' he replied; 'you don't understand it. So long as I show the dog the meat, he works hard in the hope of getting it; but as soon as he has obtained the object of. his wishes, he flings himself down, and will not stir without driving.'"
The greatest and cleverest of men have their weaknesses. Peter the Great could not touch a lizard; Marshal Saxe almost swooned if a cat came too near him; and it is well known that King Gustavus Adolphus had a particular antipathy to spiders. Charles John is said to have The latter, however, had seen too much, and felt an invincible repugnance to dogs, partly was too well informed of what was going on arising from the circumstance that a friend of in Paris, and throughout all France, to accept his died from the bite of a mad dog, and partly the proffered command again. He declined it, from his having seen, on the field of battle, the and with most of the officers quitted the regi-corpse of another friend torn in pieces by dogs, ment, of which Bernadotte then assumed the command.
In process of time, when he came as Marshal of France and Prince of Ponte-Corvo to Anspach, he there met with his former captain, who had emigrated and made that place his residence. He received him with great cordiality, offered him his services, invited him to his table, and introduced him to his officers as his old chief, by whom he had been made subaltern.
"Vous voyez," said he to him, smiling, "que, malgré ma mauvaise tête, et vos prédictions, je n'ai pas trop mal fait mon chemin." But, notwithstanding his good-nature and amiable disposition, Bernadotte knew perfectly
among which was the deceased officer's own dog. Whether this is true or not, I cannot tell: but the king's aversion to dogs was well known at court. The Crown-Prince had a very beautiful hound, which had been trained, as soon as the king was seen at a distance, or whenever he heard the words, "The king is coming," to run away; or, if this was not poɛsible, to hide himself under the furniture, where he lay quiet while the king remained in
Several biographical accounts of Charles John have appeared, some of which, especially that by Touchard Lafosse, though considered somewhat romantic, is said to be tolerably faithful. It is, however, to be hoped that the
memoirs of this remarkable man, which he is reported to have dictated to one of his orderly officers, will be given to the public. They must furnish the most interesting elucidations of many still dark points in the history of the Directory, the Consulate, and the Empire.
The private life of Charles John, as husband and father, was irreproachable. Even busy Fame, with her thousand tongues, has nothing but good to relate, and the chronique scandaleuse is silent. Particularly praiseworthy was his behavior towards his adoptive parents, Charles XIII. and his consort, born Princess of Holstein, the latter of whom, it is said, could not endure him. The Crown-Prince has the reputation of having uniformly paid them all the attentions of a dutiful son, and all the respect of an obedient subject; and of having always spoken of his adoptive father with reverence and affection.
children. In the opinion of all who know him, an opinion to which I cheerfully subscribe, Oscar must be numbered among the most distinguished sovereigns of Europe. With a lively sense for all that is good and true, with calm, manly courage, with a sincere aspiration to what is excellent, he unites a highly culti vated mind and strong natural talents. He is said to be, in particular, a clever mathematician and a good astronomer, and I have myself often had occasion to admire his abilities as a musician and composer.
"Quel dommage," once exclaimed an old French lady, when I was describing Prince Oscar to her, "quel dommage, que tout cela ne soit pas légitime."
The present queen, a daughter of the noble Duke of Leuchtenberg, not only surpasses the ladies of the court in beauty and grace, but sets them a pattern of every female virtue. She has hitherto abstained from all influence, immediate or mediate, on public affairs. For the rest, amiableness is innate and inherent in the whole family of Leuchtenberg. With all the most amiable traits of French mind, "solide dans le serieux, et charmant dans les bagatelles," the members of this house combine the noblest and most valuable qualities of the German national character; and they have thereby acquired, wherever Providence has called them, the attachment of their subjects, or the love of those around them.
has been presented by his eldest surviving brother,
If the king was an imposing character, as well on account of the glory which he had acquired, and the grand recollections attached to his person, as on account of that person itself, you can scarcely meet with a handsomer and more interesting couple in every respect than his son, the present king, and his consort. King Oscar combines expressive features, of extraordinary beauty, with a fine manly figure. His eyes are of that dark black, which a French lady once described as "des yeux de vélours noir doré de feu:" and their looks attest superior understanding, firmness, and resolution, united with a kindliness which there is no mistaking. In a certain respect, the character of Oscar may be better suited to the Swedes than NELSON.-The ball which inflicted Nelson's that of his father. The chief fault found with death-wound-preserved by the late Sir William the latter is, that he always promised more Beatty, who was principal medical attendant on than he could or meant to perform. In his de-board the Victory, at the time of the fatal eventsire to render himself beloved, and to satisfy every body, it happened not unfrequently that he granted petitions, though he well knew that the thing was impossible in the execution. Hence arose many disappointments, much ill blood, and want of confidence in the royal word. Oscar, on the other hand, has hitherto promised but little and rarely: he listened to people quietly and sympathisingly, investigated their rights, their claims, and the greater or less probability of the success of their efforts and wishes, frankly expressed his opinion on the subject, assisted when it was in his power, but took good care not to excite false hopes. THE MADONNA OF LORETTO.-The treasure of For the rest, Oscar, as a member of the coun- Our-Lady-of-Loretto has just vanished. The cil of state, as commanding general, as chief event has thrown the Court of Rome into conof the artillery, and high admiral, has always sternation. At the time the French conquered proved himself an efficient man of business, an Italy, the Pontfical Government removed to accomplished officer, a just and paternal chief. Rome the Madonna's rich coffer, in order to shelHe is beloved by the people, the army, and the ter it from the profane covetousness of the confleet; and it is alleged that the frequent mani-querors, festations of this love and attachment were rather displeasing to his predecessor, and that this was the real cause why the prince had recently withdrawn from almost all business, and relinquished almost all direct influence, in order to occupy himself with the sciences, the fine arts, and the education of his highly-gifted
Since the restoration it has been con
veyed back to Loretto, and new offerings had General of the province of Ancona, to whose increased its richness. Count Rocchi, Receivercustody the coffer of holy Loretto was intrusted, had embarked in an Austrian steamer proceeding to Trieste, and carried off the contents of all the coffers, the keys of which he had in his possession.-Revue de Paris.
THE LEGEND OF ZAHRINGEN.
From the Court Journal.
THE following sketch of the ruins of Zähringen, the cradle of the house of Paden, may not be uninteresting, now that the delicious watering-place of Baden-Baden has become so familiar to most of our readers.
The Dukes of Zähringen were once the most powerful lords of Suabia; they originally lived in the castle of Limburg, which was the cradle of the family, but of which there is now little to be seen. This castle was built upon a jut of the Alps called Lynsburg, not
far from the little town of Weitheim on
the Neckar. In the year 1080, Berthold, the proprietor of Lynsburg, or, as it is now called, Limburg, left his paternal mansion, and emigrated into Brisgau; and at a short distance from the town of Freiburg, upon a mountain in the Black Forest, at the foot of which the village of Zähringen stood, he built a castle which, after the fashion of those days, he called by the name of the village below.
and Freiburg. But among the ignorant and low-born a rapid excess of opulence often begets a sensual and depraved taste; and this was the wood-burner's lot. He became tyrannical and cruel, and forgot that he once existed upon dry bread and water. His taste grew so corrupted that he yearned to know the relish of human flesh, and, to satisfy his horrible desire, he ordered his cook to roast him an infant. Unwillingly did the servant follow his cruel master's orders, and when the roasted baby appeared upon the table, the inhuman Duke was so horror-struck, that he instantly repented his cruelty, and by way of atoning for it, elected two cloisters in the Black Forest, which he called the holy Ruprecht and the holy Peter, both of which exist to this day.
The castle of Zähringen was originally small, but strong. When the house of Hohenstaufen, however, made its way to the throne of Charlemagne, and Conrad the Third, one of the members of that family, was elected Emperor of Germany, the Duke Conrad of Zähringen refused him his allegiance, upon which the Emperor despatched his brother Frederick of Suabia to exact it by force, and so closely besieged the Duke, that he compelled him to surrender both himself and casile to the besiegers. The Emperor acted generously towards him, and reinstated him in his From this period the power of possessions. the Zähringen family increased, but the Burg ultimately came into the possession of the Counts of Freiburg, and afterwards often changed masters, until it finally fell into the hands of the monks of the cloisters of St. Peter's in the Black Forest. The ruin is now very insignificant; but the view from it is magnificent, and extends as far as the mountains of Alsace and Lorraine.
The Dukes of Baden still take their second
title from this castle, and whatever may be the fabulous tales attending their earliest history, it is well authenticated that this illustrious family springs from the same source as the houses of Austria and Lorraine, Hohenzollern and Prussia. Ethico I. Duke of the Allemani, was their common ancestor.
The popular origin of the house of Zähringen is, perhaps, too romantic to be believed. The forefathers of Berthold were nothing more than common charcoal-burners, who dwelt in forests and mountains, and existed on the sweat of their brow. It happened that one of these wood-burners, after having collected to gether his pile of wood, covered it over with earth, in order to prevent the heat from expanding itself into flame, and thus evaporate. When the wood was reduced to the requisite condition and removed, he found to his great astonishment, at the bottom of the pile, among the ashes, an immense mass of silver, which the heat of the fire had extracted from the earth. His fortune was now made, and he continued extracting silver, when it happened that a king (the legend does not tell us his name), who had been driven from his country, came with his family, and took refuge in the neighborhood of the hut, where he announced to the world that he would make a duke of that man, and moreover give him his daughter in marriage, who would assist him in regaining his crown. This offer reached the ears of the wood-burner, who, ignorant as he was, had instinct enough to know that money must be the first object necessary to attain this end; accordingly he left his hut with a bag full of the precious metal on his shoulders, and presenting himself before the dethroned monarch thus addressed him, "Sire give me thy daughter in marriage, and make me duke of the country around my IMPROVED OMNIBUS.-An improvement in the hut, and I will give thee such a treasure in mode of egress to and from this carriage, now so silver as will help to bring thee back thy king- general in London use, has been patented by a dom." And he cast the bag of silver at the Mr. Hayman, and a model shown. Instead of the feet of the astonished monarch, who, seeing their place is supplied by a platform railed off, steps coming down directly behind from the door, himself already reinstated in his dominions, and protected in the rear, whilst the steps are made him immediately his son-in-law, and placed laterally towards the side pavement. created him duke of the land he coveted. Af There are other amendments of form, and the ter this, his wealth went on increasing to such whole appears to be very ingeniously devised. a degree, that he was enabled to build castles-Lit. Gaz.
and towns, and among others those of Zähring
THE ROBERTSES ON THEIR TRAVELS.
BY MRS. TROLLOPE.
visit every body in Paris almost, they will certainly be able to tell us, if any one can, the reason for this French woman's conduct, and at the same time, you know, we may be quite sure that our natural ladylike feelings on the occasion will be properly repeated every where."
From the New Monthly Magazine. ANOTHER, and another, and another day passed away, but no more was heard of Madame de Soissonac. The high spirit of the Roberts family, on which they particular- "To be sure," exclaimed Mrs. Roberts, ly prided themselves, rose to a pitch that re- eagerly, "I am surprised I did not think of quired, especially in the more easily explod- them at first. They are the very people for ing bosoms of the ladies, the safety-valve of us. I wonder whether Edward would like vituperation, to preserve them from burst- to go with us? They always seem so deing. They had also another motive for wish-lighted to see him. Do go to his room, Maing to discuss the subject with some one of ria, and ask him to come into the drawingtheir acquaintance whom they had been in room before he goes out. I should so like the habit of meeting at the assemblies of him to go with us! He grows handsomer the fair but perfidious French woman, in and more elegant every day of his life. I order to discover beyond the possibility of would defy any mother not to be proud of mistake, whether others had received the such a son." same affront as themselves. They doubted, however, for some time, as to the person to whom they should first open their hearts on the subject. Mrs. Bretlow would have been in many respects the most eligible person to whom they could have addressed themselves on this occasion, inasmuch as she was really intimate with Madame de Soissonac, and was therefore likely to know the real cause of her abominable beBut then, this real intimacy had always appeared to be accompanied by a great deal of real affection, and it was not well to talk to any body on the subject, who was likely to be so strongly prejudiced as Mrs. Bretlow.
"No, indeed, mamma," said Maria, "if you go to Mrs. Bretlow, in order to ask her opinion of Madame de Soissonac, I will not go with you. I don't know how the rest of the family may feel, but I have too much English spirit to go any where on purpose to hear the praises of a person who has used me ill."
"Well, then, who shall we go to?" returned the mother, who immediately felt the truth of this sensible observation. "I, for my part, don't care who it is, so that it is an English person, who will have common sense enough to understand what one says. The French are certainly unaccountably slow of comprehension in conversation. I find perpetually from their answers, that they have not understood one word in ten that I have said to them. It is no good to talk to them."
The young man obeyed the summons instantly, having just completed his morning costume for the Boulevards, and looking, as his mother said, like a Parisian angel, only with a lovely English color in his cheeks.
"Edward, dearest, if you have no objection," said the respectful parent, "I should like you to go with us this morning to call on Lady Moreton and Lady Forton. Though they are, both of them, always kindness itself, they are never so delighted to see us as when you are of the party. You will go, won't you? We are going on purpose to talk to them a little about the impertinent behavior of that extraordinary Madame de Soissonac, and I should like that you should be with us. What do you say to it, my dear?"
Why, no, ma'am, thank you, I think I'd rather not. For, to say the truth, the Soissonacs are, in my opinion, a vast deal too absurd to talk about; and of all people in the world, I am the last who ought to enter upon the subject," said the young man, coloring. "I would rather not go, thank you."
"Good gracious, why?" said Agatha. "What can you have to do with it, Edward?"
"What can you mean, Edward?" cried Maria. "For goodness sake, speak out."
"Upon my word, my dear, you must not go till you have explained yourself," said his mother. "Perhaps, Edward, you know a great deal more about them than we do. Do tell us every thing that you have heard, my dear, dear Edward. It is cruel to keep us in the dark if you do know any thing. I must beg that you will hide nothing."
"Do you, my dear?" said the young man, again profiting by the vicinity of the mirror. "I am sure I am exceedingly sorry for it."
"Really, mother, I know very little about j cultivating an intimacy with us. I think her, for I can't say I have ever given my- she is exceedingly wrong, indeed." self the trouble to inquire. But if you won't talk too much about it, I will tell you what I have reason to suspect; and one or two fellows of my acquaintance, who know old Soissonac a great deal better than I do, say they are quite sure I am right. The fact is, my dear ladies-it is very absurd, you know, but I can't help that-the fact is, that Monsieur de Soissonac, the tiresome old husband of our pretty friend, has taken it into his head to be jealous of me."
"Jealous!" exclaimed all the three ladies at once. "Jealous of you, Edward ?" The young man replied to them all, at one and the same instant, by a low and graceful bow, and then turned round, and, by the help of the mirror over the chimney-piece, re-arranged a curl upon his left temple, which the playful profundity of the salutation had displaced.
"Is it possible?" exclaimed his mother, after a pause, and looking at him with an eye that seemed to say, "No wonder!" And then she sighed very deeply, and in an accent that visions of crim. con. trials, and tremendous damages, rendered both solemn and melancholy, she added, "For Heaven's sake, set my heart at ease, and tell me that he has no reason for it!"
"Nonsense, ma'am !" returned the young man, in a tone of very spirited indignation. "How can you suppose that I should so far commit myself as to answer such a question as that? I alluded to the circumstance, merely for the sake of doing justice to poor Madame de Soissonac. Of course you must perceive from what I have said, though I have not violated any confidence of any kind-but of course you must perceive that she is not to blame. It was my duty to show this, but you must please to excuse my saying any thing more on the subject. It is very wrong to ask me."
"It is very shocking, I am sure, altogether," said Agatha, looking very grave. "But I don't understand exactly how her warning us off her premises in so very inpertinent a manner, can do any good in the business."
"Don't you, my dear?" returned her brother demurely, casting his eyes upon the carpet.
No, certainly," said Maria; "on the contrary, if she is behaving as she ought to do, her best security against the injurious suspicions of her husband, would be the
Upon my word, Edward," said his mother, "this obstinate reserve on your part is exceedingly ill-judged, to say the least of it. How can we know, for instance, how we ought to conduct ourselves, in case we meet Madame de Soissonac accidentally? If, as Maria says, she is behaving as she ought to do, there is every reason in the world that we should treat her with kindness, feeling, as we must all do, that whether right or wrong, as to judgment, her declining our visits must be from the very best and most virtuous of motives, poor dear young woman! But if, on the contrary, Edward, there should be unhappily any real cause for her husband's suspicions, just think of the incalculable injury you may do your sisters, by letting them be seen to speak to her. For mercy's sake, my dearest Edward, trust to our discretion sufficiently to enable us to judge fairly how we ought to act."
"I would recommend you, ma'am, not to push yourselves into any further intimacy with Madame de Soissonac-you really must excuse my not being more explicit," returned Mr. Edward Roberts, looking greatly displeased with them all. "Your questions are not fair."
"How very horrid !" cried one sister. "Detestable woman!" exclaimed the other.
"I am sure that the sooner we leave Paris the better," ejaculated the mother.
"I shall not, ma'am, oppose your departure," said her son, you may depend upon it; nor, whatever my inclinations may dictate, will I distress my family by remaining behind them, and all I require in return for this concession is, that I may not be embarrassed by any more questions."
Having pronounced these words with much more gravity than was usual with him, the young man walked out of the room.
"Oh, goodness gracious! have mercy upon us!" exclaimed Mrs. Roberts, clasping her hands, and raising her eyes towards the ceiling. "Is it not enough to break one's heart to find one's only son exposed to such temptations? So shocking, too, for his sisters to listen to it! Abominable hussy! How dreadful it is that a hand