Use of Export Controls and Export Credits for Foreign Policy Purposes: Hearings Before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, Second Session ... October 10 and 11, 1978

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978 - 414 páginas
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Página 158 - War, attempted to minimize economic relations between the United States and its allies on the one hand, and the Soviet bloc on the other. This...
Página 388 - Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States to use export controls to the extent necessary (a) to protect the domestic economy from the excessive drain of scarce materials and to reduce the inflationary impact of abnormal foreign demand...
Página 381 - In this vast external realm, with its important, complicated, delicate and manifold problems, the President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation. He makes treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate; but he alone negotiates. Into the field of negotiation the Senate cannot intrude; and Congress itself is powerless to invade it.
Página 393 - States, its territories and possessions, to any nation or combination of nations threatening the national security of the United States if the President shall determine that such export makes a significant contribution to the military or economic potential of such nation or nations which would prove detrimental to the national security and welfare of the United States.
Página 393 - ... which he determines are available without restriction from sources outside the United States in significant quantities and comparable in quality to those produced in the United States...
Página 388 - ... to the extent necessary to further significantly the foreign policy of the United States and to fulfill its international responsibilities, and (C) to the extent necessary to exercise the necessary vigilance over exports from the standpoint of their significance to the national security of the United States.
Página 171 - The control of design and manufacturing know-how is absolutely vital to the maintenance of US technological superiority.
Página 173 - Active" relationships involve frequent and specific communications between donor and receiver. These usually transfer proprietary or restricted information. They are directed toward a specific goal of improving the technical capability of the receiving nation. Typically, this is an iterative process: the receiver requests specific information, applies it, develops new findings, and then requests further information. This process is normally continued for several years, until the receiver demonstrates...
Página 213 - Each State Party to the present Covenant undertakes to take steps, individually and through international assistance and co-operation, especially economic and technical, to the maximum of its available resources, with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of the rights recognized in the present Covenant by all appropriate means, including particularly the adoption of legislative measures.
Página 292 - States, unless the President determines that adequate evidence has been presented to him demonstrating that the absence of such controls would prove detrimental to the national security of the United States.

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