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INDEX OF SUBJECTS.

N. B.-Titles of papers are printed in small capitals.

"Adam Smith, Catalogue of Library
of," by Jas. Bonar, reviewed, 609
Administration. ELECTED OR APPOINTED
OFFICIALS, 653-83; Proposal for elec-
tion in Canada, 653; Officers in Canada,
655; Appointment the universal rule,
660; Elected officials in Ohio, 662;
Comparison with Canada, 663; Method
of payment, 665; Abuse of spoils sys-
tem, 669; Elections favor spoils system,
674; Opposition to election in United
States, 676; Appointment necessary
under system of ministerial responsí-
bility, 679

America. "Discovery of America," by
J. Fiske, reviewed, 289-92

See Geographical Discovery.
"American Commonwealth," by Jas.
Bryce, note, 784

AMERICAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, Sev-
enth Annual Meeting, 790-94
AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION,
Tenth Annual Meeting, 794-95
"American History," by A. C. Thomas,
note, 448

"Antisemitismus und Strafrechtspflege,"
by M. Parmod, note, 987
Apprenticeship, 215 et seq.

"Arbeitsverfassung in englischen Kolo-
nien," by A. S. von Waltershausen,
reviewed, 776-78

See Labor.

Arbitration Industrial.
Arbitration International. "Les Desti-
nées de l'arbitrage international," by
E. Rouard de Card, reviewed, 111-13
Artisans in Germany, 783

Associations, meetings. American Eco-
nomic, 790-94; American Historical,
794-95; Association of Colleges, 626-28;
Political Science of Central States,
796-97

Australia. See Land Systems.

See also Railroads.

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Boycotting. See Labor.
Brook Farm, 967

Brooklyn, Trade schools of, 227
Building and loan associations, 650

Cabinets. "Les Ministres dans les prin-
cipaux pays d'Europe et d'Amérique,'
by L. Dupriez, reviewed, 287-89
Canada, Banking in, 553; Elected or
appointed officials, See Administra-
tion.

Capitalization of railways, 348
Charities. "American Charities," by A.
G. Warner, reviewed, 982-84
FUTURE PROBLEM OF CHARITY AND
THE UNEMPLOYED, 1-27. Modern
social feelings, 1; Newer views of
pauperism, 4; Fear of want, basis
of poor law, 7; Reaction against
this attitude, 10; Necessity of reck-
oning with democratic forces, 13;
Need of democratic charity admin-
istration, 18; Exclusion of the
tramp from relief, 19; Work for
the unemployed, 21; Treatment of
the tramp, 24; Summary, 26
"Proceeding of National Conference
at Chicago," by I. C. Barrows, re-
viewed, 965-66

Recent movements in, 648, 821
Work in, for college men, 313, 621
Chattanooga, Mayor's report, 633
Chicago, Drainage system, 458; Report of
Citizens' Association, 630

Church work in social questions, 818
Cincinnati, Relief of unemployed, 823
Cities, Recent literature on cities and
their government, 809

STATE SUPERVISION FOR CITIES, 865-
81. Legislative interference, 865;
Control of cities abroad, 867; Ad-
ministrative supervision in United
States, 870; Boards of Health,
870; Boards of Charities and Cor-
rections, 870; Boards of Equaliza-
tion and Assessment, 872; Public
examiners in Minnesota, etc., 873;
Civil Service Boards, 877; State
Municipal Board proposed, 878
Citizenship. "The Englishman
Home," by Edw. Porritt, note, 618
"The Ethics of Citizenship," by J
MacCunn, reviewed, 427-28
Civil Service Administration in New
York, 806

at

"Civilization During Middle Ages," by
Geo. B. Adams, reviewed, 107-8
College settlements, Work of, 647, 816
Colleges, Meeting of Association of, 626
Colonies, American. See Social History.

Commerce, Reprint of Cantillon's "Essai
sur le Commerce," note, 312
Commercial History, "British Commerce
and Colonies from Elizabeth to Vic-
toria," by H. deB. Gibbins, note, 313
"Commercial Law," by J. E. C. Munro,
note, 314

"Corso di diritto commerciale," by
E. Vidari, reviewed, 434-37
Proposed uniformity in, 851
Constitution, English. "Foreign Pow
ers and Jurisdiction of the British
Crown," by W. E. Hall, note, 986
Constitutional History, English, "A
Student's Manual of," by D. J. Medley,
and "The Elements of," by F. C. Mon-
tague, reviewed, 597-98

"Constitutional Law, Cases on," by J. B.
Thayer, reviewed, 310-11, 978-79

In colonies, 448

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Economic History Series, edited by
L. Brentano, note, 147

ECONOMICS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS, 461-
89; Fundamental concepts, 461; Ini.
tial and final utility. 463; Order of
pleasures and pains, 465; Ideals of life,
469; Basis of credit, 471; Inviolability
of property, 473; Harmony of con-
sumption, 475; Ejection of discordant
elements, 478; Group pleasures, 481;
Exclusion, 482

Subjective economics criticised, 322
"Education and Educators," by D. Kay,
note, 616

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note, 786

Ethics, School of Applied, 1012

France. See Poor Relief.
Free Trade. "A Policy of Free Ex-
change," edited by T. Mackay, re-
viewed, 428-31

"French Revolution Tested by Mira-
beau's Career," by H. v. Holst, note,
616

"Friedrich der Grosse und General
Chasot," by K. T. Gaedertz, note, 142

"Geographical Discovery in North
America," by J. Winsor, reviewed,
778-80

Geography, Economic and commercial
review of recent works, 780-83
Germany. See Artisans.

See also Insurance.

See also Middle Ages.
See also Social History.
See also Universities.
"Greek History," by A. Holm, note, 986
Health, "Public Health and Demo-
graphy," by E. F. Willoughby, note,
786

History. "General History," by Lavisse
and Rambaud, note, 616
"Historical and Political Essays," by
H. C. Lodge, note, 617

"Lehrbuch der historischen methode,"
by E. Bernheim, note, 140

"Niccolo Machiavelli," by P. Villari,
2d edition, note, 620

"History of the Philosophy of His-
tory," by R. Flint, note, 615
"History of United States," by A. C.
Thomas, note, 448

"History of the United States for
Schools," by J. Fiske, note, 446
"Translations and Reprints from the
Original Sources of European His-
tory," note, 621

"Roger Williams," by O. Straus, re-
viewed, 977-78

"Sam Houston and the War of Inde-
pendence in Texas" by A. M. Will-
iams, reviewed, 984-86

Home rule party, 474

House of Commons, Effects of group
system on, 508

Hygiene, See Demography

Immigration Restriction League, 824
India. "Land Revenue and its Admin-

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"Bourses du travail," by G. de Mo-
linari, reviewed, 294-96
Effect of machinery on, 814
"Eight Hours for Work," by J. Rae,
reviewed, 603-5

"Geschichte des deutschen Genos-
senschaftwesens," by H. Zeidler,
reviewed, 985-86

"History of Trade-Unionism," by S.
and B. Webb, reviewed, 438-44
"Industrial Arbitration and Concili-
ation" by J. S. Lowell, reviewed,
292-94

"Labour and Popular Welfare," by
W. H. Malloch, reviewed, 768-71
LABOR ORGANIZATIONS AND TRADE
INSTRUCTION, 209-41; Hostility of
trade-unions, 209; Foreign element
not controlling, 210; Except in
few cases, 213; Attitude of Eng-
lish unions, 215; American unions
and apprenticeship, 216: Strikes,
219; Need of mental training, 221
Of mobility of trades, 223; Special
trade instruction abroad, 224; Pratt
Institute, 227; Unions dislike
tone not purpose of trade schools,
230; Not favorable to unions, 233;
Direct opposition of the unions,
238; Possibility of harmonizing
interests, 240

PEACEABLE BOYCOTTING, 28-47; De-
cision in Ann Arbor case, 28;
Meaning of restraint of trade, 31;
Necessity of competition and
struggle, 33; English laws on com-
binations, 35; Modern standpoint,
37; Origin of term boycott, 39;
Position of English courts, 43
Publications of French Bureau of
Labor, 146

"Social Peace," by G.v. Schulze-Gae-
vernitz, note, 447

"Land Systems in Australia," by W.
Epps, note, 313

Law. See Uniform Legislation
"Law of Persons and Personal Property,
Commentaries on," by T. W. Dwight,
note, 785

"Leonidas Polk, Bishop and General,"
by W. M. Polk, reviewed, 296-99

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Might and Right. "Der Kampf ums
Recht des Stärkeren und Seine Ent-
wickelung," by H. Kato, reviewed,
767-68

Minnesota, Public Examiners in, 873
Mirabeau. See French Revolution.
Money. How TO SAVE BIMETALLISM, 557-
68; Gravity of monetary situation,
557; Legal ratio impossible, 558; Error
of bimetallists, 559; Power of the
silver ring, 561; Proposal for circula-
tion of silver by weight, 564

"Ist eine Abnahme der Goldproduk-
tion zu befürchten," by G. Heim,
reviewed, 300-7

"Melanges financiers," by R. G.
Levy, reviewed, 300-7

"Métal-argent à la fin du XIXe
Siécle," by L. Bamberger, re-
viewed, 300-7

"Monnaie, le credit et le change,
La," by A. Arnauné, reviewed,
959-65

in

MONEY AND BANK CREDITS IN THE
UNITED STATES, 531-56; Money
and standard of value, 531; Gold
reserve, 533; Bank money alone
elastic, 535; Security for normal
bank issue, 536; Municipal bonds,
538; Railroad bonds, 539; Plan for
expansibility of currency
emergency, 541, Bank credits an
important factor, 544; Necessity of
avoiding inflation, 546; Normal
relation of credits to banking cap-
ital, 547; Baltimore plan for na-
tional bank currency, 551; No se-
curity for normal issue provided,
552; Canadian experience inappli-
cable, 553

Prize essay on, 622

"Stichworte der Silberleute, Die," by
L. Bamberger, reviewed, 300-7
Socialistic explanation of, 733

"Treatise on Money," by J. S. Nich-
olson, reviewed, 299-307
"Währungsfrage und die Zukunft
Oesterreichisch-ungarischen
Valutereform," by F. Wieser, re-
viewed, 300-7

der

Mortgages. MORTGAGE BANKING IN
RUSSIA, 242-56; Comparison with
United States, 242; Government banks,
246; Mutual banks, 247; Private banks,
251; Relative strength, 255
"Municipal Government in Great
Britain," by A. Shaw, reviewed, 973-77
Notes on Municipal Government,
456-60, 629-39, 798-813, 990-1000
Recent literature on Municipal Gov-
ernment, 999

Municipal reform movement, 636

National banking in United States. See
Money.

"National Life and Character," by C. H.
Pearson, reviewed, 600-3

Natural law, Political economy of, 620
Nebraska. See Economic History
New York, Country roads in, 271
New York City, Civil service administra-
tion in, 806; Financial system of, 800;
Mayoralty election in, 457; Proposed
political measures with reference to,
992; Public baths in, 992; Reform
movement in, 803; Tenement houses
in, 817; Trade schools in, 234
Norway, Liquor legislation in, 645
Norwegian system of liquor legislation
in Massachusetts, 1009

Ohio, Elected officials in, 662
Omaha, Charter of, 632; Impeachment
of Mayor of, 633

Pacific railways. See Railways
Parnellite party, 504

Party Government. BREAK UP OF THE
ENGLISH PARTY SYSTEM, 490–511;
Groups in the House of Commons,
490; Divisions of parties before 1874,
492; Origin and growth of Home Rule
group, 494; of the Liberal Unionists,
500; of the Parnellites, 504; Power of
the smaller groups, 508; Political con-
sequences, 908

Peasant emancipation, "Bauernbefrei-
ung und die Auflösung des gutsherr-
lich-bauerlichen Verhaltniss in Böh-
men, Mähren und Schlesien," by K.
Grünberg, reviewed, 762-64
Pedagogics. See Education.
"Pennsylvania, Law of Boroughs in,"
by F. Raymond Savidge, note, 145
Poor laws in, 642

PERSONAL NOTES, 104, 272, 412, 587, 754, 954
Philadelphia, Appropriations of, 798, Fi-
nances of, 456, 629; Gas of, 991; Reser-
voir question in, 456; Streets in, 990;
Trade schools in, 229; Water of, 991

"Handbook for Philadelphia Voters,"
by C. A. Brinley, note, 141
"Philanthropy and Social Progress," by
J. Addams and others, reviewed, 591-92.
Pleasures and pains, 465

Political Economy. "An Analysis of the

Ideas of Economics," by L. P. Shirres,
reviewed, 138-39

Economic classics edited by W. J.
Ashley, note, 611

"Grundbegriffe und Grundlagen der
Volkswirtschaft, by J. Lehr, re-
viewed, 122-23

"Histoire des doctrines è con-
omiques," by A. Espinas, reviewed,
116-17

"Political Economy of Natural
Law," by H. Wood, note, 620

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'Principes d'économie politique."
by C. Gide, fourth edition, note, 143
"Principles of economics," by G. P.
Osborne, note, 144

"Principles of Political economy,”

by J. S. Nicholson, reviewed, 123-28
WHY HAD ROSCHER SO LITTLE INFLU
ENCE IN ENGLAND, 317-44; Roscher
in Germany, 817; Tendencies of
Mill, 319; Recent advances in
England, 320; Defects of subjective
economics, 322; Universality of
form, 325; Attacks on historical
economists, 327; Theory not dis-
carded by them, 329; Historical
attitude of the minority, 333
See Economics

See also Sociology
See also Woman

POLITICAL SCIENCE ASSOCIATION OF THE
CENTRAL STATES, 796-97

Politics. "Wesen und Zweck der Poli-
tik," by G. Ratzenhofer, reviewed,
128-36

Poor. "Housing of the Poor in Ameri-
can Cities," by M. T. Reynolds, re-
viewed, 431-32

Poor Laws in Pennsylvania, 642
Poor relief. "Public Assistance of the
Poor in France," by E. G. Balch, re-
viewed, 108-11

Population, Recent theories, 1001

SIGNIFICANCE OF A DECREASING
BIRTH-RATE, 48-89; Malthus'
views, 48; Herbert Spencer, 50;
Recent views abroad and in United
States, 53; Birth-rate in United
States for white and colored, 58;
Nervous diseases and birth-rate,
65; Birth-rate and economic fact-
ors, 72; Conclusions, 89

Production. "Nationale Produktion und
nationale Berufsgliederung," by H.
Losch, reviewed, 595-96
Profit. See Rent

Property, a socialistic explanation, 733

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Commerce Commission, 913
"National Consolidation of Rail-
ways," by G. H. Lewis, reviewed,

114-16

THE PACIFIC RAILWAY DEBTS, 684-
704. Maturity of these government
loans, 684; Purpose of the same,
686; Relinquishment of debt, 687;
Foreclosure, of doubtful legality,
688; No redress against directors,
690; Government ownership, 693;
Compromise measures, 694; Reor-
ganization on basis of lower inter-
est and gradual payment of prin-
cipal, 699

REASONABLE RAILWAY RATES, 335-60;
Rates the real railway question,
335; Rates not generally excess-
ive, 336; Difficulty of maintaining
high rates, 340; Existing rates from
investors' outlook, 342; Relation
of revenues to capitalization, 348;
Is capitalization excessive, 352; Im-
possibility of apportioning indi-
vidual rates to cost, 356; Outlook
for satisfactory rates, 359

Report on railways in Massachusetts,
786

Securities of, as a basis for bank
notes, 539

"Union Pacific Railway," by J. P.
Davis, reviewed, 114-16.

See Labor.

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CLARK'S USE OF "RENT" AND "PRO-
FITS," 409-11

RENT AND PROFIT, 90-103; Confusion
of modern terminology, 90; Two
forms of surplus, 92; Recognition of
them inadequate with Commons,93;
Hobson, 95; Clark, 96; Should both
forms be called rent, 100; Price
determining surplus should be
called profit, 102

"Repudiation of State Debts," by W. A.
Scott, reviewed, 136-37
Revue du Droit public, note, 147
Roads. IMPROVEMENT
ROADS IN MASSACHUSETTS AND NEW
YORK, 289-71; Massachusetts law, 270;
New York law, 271

OF COUNTRY

"Road and Roadside," by B. W.
Potter, note, 315

Russia. "Economics of a Russian Vil-
lage," by I. A. Hourwich, reviewed,
118-22

Mortgage Banking in, 242-56

San Francisco, New charter of, 996
Scholarships in politics and economics,
283

School of Applied Ethics, 1012
Schools, Economics in, 461 et seq.
Silver currency and custom duties, 788
See Money.

Spanish History, "Life and Times of
James I., King of Aragon," by F. D.
Swift, reviewed, 605-6

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Spoils system, 669

Social History, "Soziale Kämpfe vor
dreihundert Jahren," by B. Schoen-
laube, reviewed, 771-72
Socialism. "Brook Farm," by J. T.
Codman, reviewed, 967-69

"Geschichte des antiken Kommunis-
mus und Socialismus," by R. Töhl-
maun, reviewed, 606-08

A NEGLECTED SOCIALIST (William
Weitling), 718-39; Socialism be-
fore 1848, 718; Early life of Weit-
ling, 721; Residence in Paris, 722;
Associations in Zurich, 725; Publi-
cations in America, 730; His analy-
sis of social forces, 731; Origin of
private property and money, 733;
Ideal social state, 734; Weitling's
place in history of socialism, 737
Social Question, "La Question sociale
est une question morale," by T. Zieg-
ler, note, 787

Social Questions, recent literature on,
650, 825, 1012

Church work with reference to, 818
Social Struggle. "Les Luttes entre soci-
étés humaines et leurs phases succes-
sives," by J. Novicow, reviewed, 598-

99

SOCIOLOGICAL FIELD WORK, 584-586;
Studies of Professor Cheysson, 584;
Experiment in Philadelphia, 585
Sociological notes, 640-52, 814-28, 1001-16
Sociology, "Auguste Comte und seine Be-
deutung," by H. Waentig, reviewed,
979-83

"Handbook of Sociological Refer-
ence," by W. H. Tolman and W. I.
Hull, note, 449

Hartford School of, 449
"Introduction to the Study of Soci-
ety," by A. W. Small and G. E
Vincent, reviewed, 772-75

ORGANIC CONCEPT OF SOCIETY, 404-9;
Merits of this concept, 401, Ob-
jective character of the concept,
405; Subjective factors ignored,
407; Co-ordination of the sciences,
409

ORGANIC CONCEPT OF SOCIETY, 740-46
The organic notion justified, 740;
implies simply interdependence,
741; Sciences frequently borrow
terms from others, 744
PRESENT CONDITION OF SOCIOLOGY
IN
THE UNITED STATES, 260-69;
Confusion of thought and terms,
260; Sociology preferred to social
science, 262; Sociology as &
science, 263; Its place, 263; Its
place in education, 265; Methods
of instruction, 266: Its relation to
social pathology, 268

Recent theoretical discussion of 640
RELATION OF ABSTRACT TO CONCRETE
SCIENCES, 942-48; Division of, Pro-
fessor Giddings, 942; Overlooks
comparative sciences, 944; Sociol
ogy is abstract in his hands, 945;

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