History of Civilization in England, Volume 1

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D. Appleton and Company, 1858
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Índice

Illustration of these principles from Ireland
47
From Egypt 5966
59
From Central America
67
And from Mexico and Peru 68
74
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
85
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 9193
91
Further illustration from Central America
105
n
115
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual
125
Intellectual truths are the cause of progress
131
The diminution of the warlike spirit is owing to the same cause 137139
137
The invention of gunpowder 146150
146
But was weakened by the dissenters headed by Wesley and White
148
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 158160
158
CHAPTER V
164
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 169171
169
Hence in France during the sixteenth century every thing was more
173
Necessity of ascertaining the fundamental laws of intellectual pro
176
Influence of religion on the progress of society 184191
184
And from Sweden and Scotland 191193
191
Influence of government on the progress of society
197
They have also increased hypocrisy and perjury 204205
204
This absurd way of writing history was the natural result of
211
The earliest histories are ballads 212215
212
A change of religion in any country also tends to corrupt its early
218
Doctrine of personal representation and idea of independence
221
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 31232
232
But discouraged by George III under whom began a dangerous
234
And in the predictions of Stoeffler respecting the Deluge
239
Effects of this difference between the two countries in the fourteenth
241
Scepticism and spirit of inquiry on other subjects 250251
250
Inder James I and Charles I this opposition to authority assuines
259
Its influence upon Boyle 265268
265
The clergy are naturally hostile to physical science because it lessens
271
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 279280
279
This alliance was dissolved by the Declaration of Indulgence 236287
287
Hostility between them and William III
293
Subserviency of Pitt
320
He opposed the views of George III and was neglected by hirn 330333
330
CHAPTER IX
440
AND ENGLAND
446
Centralization was in France the natural successor of feudality
449
Power of the French nobles
455
The pride of Englishmen encouraged the Reformation
461
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power
468
CHAPTER VIII
469
The English rebellion was a war of classes 409476
476
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
483
Importance of the question as to whether the historian should
490
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
499
Also in zoology and in chemistry
505
And from every branch of literature
513
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen
528
In France literature was the last resource of liberty
541
About the eleventh century the spirit of inquiry began to weaken
545
VOLUME I
552
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 557560
557
Coinciding with this the feudal system and an hereditary aristocracy
559
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 566568
566
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire
575
Reasons why literary men at first attacked the church and not
579
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
581
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians
588
Improvement in the method of writing history late in the sixteenth
591
The discourses of Turgot and their influence
596
The intellect of France began to attack the state about 1750 602603
602
Abolition of the Jesuits
608
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
614
But was averted for a time by the most eminent Frenchmen direct PAGE
618
And in Condillac
624
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
636
Relation between inventions discoveries and method and immense
645
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 652654
652
All these vast results were part of the causes of the French Revolu
658
And in the establishment of clubs 664666
664
General reflections 670
670
FROM THE SECOND LONDON EDITION
673

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