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allies allowed already appeal Athenians Athens attack attempt battle began body Brasidas called carried cause CHAPTER character citizens Cleon close coast command commons confidence danger death depend enemy escape expedition fact favour fear feeling fleet followed force friends future gained galleys gave give going Greece Greeks ground hands harbour held historian hold honour hope hundred important interests island Italy Lacedæmonians land leading leave less lives lost maintained matter natural never Nicias once operations party peace Peloponnesians Pericles Persian position possible present prisoners probably quarters question reached received remarkable result says seems sent ships Sicily side soon Sparta spirit strong success suffering Syracusans Syracuse taken thought Thucydides tion took town turn walls whole
Página 51 - I do not mean that in which their bodies lie, but that in which their renown lives after them, to be remembered forever on every occasion of speech or action which calls it to mind. For the whole earth is the grave and monument of heroes; it is not the mere graving upon marble in their native land which sets forth their deeds ; but even in lands where they were strangers, there lives an unwritten record in every heart, felt though never embodied.
Página 2 - Thus the largest portion of that history which we commonly call ancient is practically modern, as it describes society in a stage analogous to that in which it now is ; while, on the other hand, much of what is called modern history is practically ancient, as it relates to a state of things which has passed away.
Página 1 - We shall see that there is in fact an ancient and a modern period in the history of every people ; the ancient differing, and the modern in many essential points agreeing with that in which we now live. Thus the largest portion of that history which we commonly call ancient is practically modern, as it describes society in a...
Página 147 - Their treatment of the vanquished — whatever may have been its motive — was unworthy of a civilised nation. Yet some allowance may fairly be claimed for the general rigour of the ancient usages of war. The milder spirit of modern manners would not have punished men who had been guilty of no offence but the assertion of their rightful independence, more severely than by tearing them from their families, and locking them up in a fortress, or transporting them to the wilds of Scythia. But our exultation...
Página 67 - For since he did not gain his ascendency by unbecoming means, he never used language to humor them, but was able, on the strength of his high character, even to oppose their passions. That is, when he saw them overweeningly confident without just grounds, he would speak so as to inspire them with a wholesome fear ; or when they were unreasonably alarmed, he would raise their spirits again to confidence. It was a nominal democracy, but in fact the government of the one foremost man.
Página 51 - ... which calls it to mind. For the whole earth is the grave and monument of heroes. It is not the mere graving upon marble in their native land which sets forth their deeds ; but even in lands where they were strangers, there lives an unwritten record in every heart — felt, though never embodied. . . . I call those fortunate whose death, like theirs, or whose sorrow, like yours, has the fullest portion of honor, and whose end comes at the moment they are happiest. Yet I feel how hard it is to...
Página 5 - I shall be content if those shall pronounce my History useful who desire to give a view of events as they did really happen, and as they are very likely, in accordance with human nature, to repeat themselves at some future time — if not exactly the same, yet very similar.
Página 4 - ... incompatibility of the two parts of that statement. If all speakers said what, in Thucydides' opinion, the situation called for, the remark becomes meaningless.
Página 61 - the hearts of all the inhabitants were closed to feelings of humanity. They fled from the sick and all that belonged to them, hoping, by these means, to save themselves. Others shut themselves up in their houses with their wives, their children, and households, living on the most costly food, but carefully avoiding all excess. None were allowed access to them ; no intelligence...
Página 52 - For all are wont to praise those who are no more ; and hardly — even though your own deserts be extraordinary — will you be held to have equalled or approached theirs. There is ever a jealousy of the living as rivals. It is only those who stand no longer in our path that we honor with an ungrudging affection.