Extention of Export Control Act of 1949: Hearing Before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-fifth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 10127. March 4, 1958

Capa
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1958 - 39 páginas
0 Críticas
As críticas não são validadas, mas a Google verifica a existência de conteúdo falso e remove-o quando é identificado
 

Opinião das pessoas - Escrever uma crítica

Não foram encontradas quaisquer críticas nos locais habituais.

Páginas seleccionadas

Outras edições - Ver tudo

Palavras e frases frequentes

Passagens conhecidas

Página 2 - Congress hereby declares that it is the policy of the United States to use export controls to the extent necessary (a) to protect the domestic economy from the excessive drain of scarce materials and to reduce the inflationary impact of abnormal foreign demand...
Página 5 - Controls," copies of which have been made available to the committee. When violations do occur we try to enforce our regulations as fairly as possible, but also with the knowledge that prompt, effective compliance action is one of the best deterrents to potential violators. Violations are punishable under the law by fine and imprisonment, and our regulations also provide for suspending or terminating the privilege of obtaining licenses or otherwise participating in export trade. In addition, the...
Página 3 - A number of developments have, however, occurred in the security controls field since we last appeared before this committee. Most notable has been our revised policy toward Poland, which I would like to mention at this point. On August 29, 1957, the Department announced that Poland would be accorded differential and more favorable treatment than other eastern European countries. The new policy, in addition to greatly simplifying trade controls toward Poland, permits the licensing of goods appearing...
Página 2 - ... this act expires next June 30, and I am appearing before this committee to explain why we are recommending the continuation of export control authority for another 2 years from that date. At the outset, I should like to call the committee's attention to the Department's 42d report on export control operations which has recently been released, and copies of which you have before you. We send such reports to Congress regularly on a quarterly basis covering current activities, but since we knew...
Página 3 - ... had previously shipped a cargo of scrap, and also that he had an available supply for export. These requirements were calculated, of course, to moderate export shipments. At present, overall supplies of scrap are believed to be adequate to meet current domestic needs as well as essential requirements of friendly foreign countries, and export controls are now being maintained primarily as a means of surveillance against sudden excessive exports. We have dropped the...
Página 4 - ... the transshipments that might otherwise take place out of ignorance or misunderstanding. Also, many who might be tempted to violate our controls are deterred by our cautionary notices of United States export restraints, and, of course, intentional offenders can be more readily dealt with when we are able to show that their violations were committed in knowing disregard of our rules. It is for this purpose, for example, that we have a requirement of a destination warning notice on bills of lading...
Página 3 - ... and export controls are now being maintained primarily as a means of surveillance against sudden excessive exports. The validity period of licenses is limited to 90 days, and certain documentary requirements are still imposed in order to give us almost immediate information about current shipments. I turn now to our activities in carrying out the national security objective of the act. Over the past several years, almost all of our staff effort has been devoted to keeping strategic goods from...
Página 2 - ... conservative use of the authority to control exports is particularly illustrated by our practice in carrying out the policy of protecting the domestic economy from excessive drain of scarce materials. We have had, in the past, to establish quantitative limits or quotas for exports of many commodities in short supply, but at the present time, in our judgment, only four commodities need that kind of stringent control. These are nickel metal and certain grades of nickel scrap, diamond bort and powders,...
Página 4 - In general, however, the bloc has thus far shown very little interest in consumer-type goods for direct use by the people. Instead, the major Russian interest has continued to be in industrial machinery and raw materials, and agricultural equipment, seed, and livestock. Since evasion of our security-export regulations is most likely to take place via third countries, it is necessary for the Department to screen carefully export applications for the shipment of strategic goods to friendly countries...
Página 4 - ... activities is the informing of foreign participants, in addition to the American parties, of the scope and purpose of United States export controls. When legitimate traders, forwarders, carriers, and financing agents in friendly countries are made familiar with our restrictions against unauthorized reexports, they usually comply with them and do not permit the transshipments that might otherwise take place out of ignorance or misunderstanding. Also, many who might be tempted to violate our controls...

Informação bibliográfica